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Prevalence and incidence of diabetes mellitus: a nationwide population-based pharmaco-epidemiological study in Sweden
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. Region Örebro län. Family Medicine Research Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6864-4679
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3649-2639
Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)
Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)
Vise andre og tillknytning
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491, Vol. 32, nr 10, s. 1319-1328Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate the changes in prevalence and incidence of pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated diabetes in Sweden during 2005 to 2013.

Methods: We obtained data on gender, date of birth and pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated diabetes from national registers for all Swedish residents.

Results: During the study period a total of 240 871 new cases of pharmacologically treated diabetes was found. The age-standardized incidence during the follow-up was 4.34 and 3.16 per 1000 individuals in men and women, respectively. A decreasing time trend in incidence for men of 0.6% per year (0.994, 95% CI 0.989-0.999) and for women of 0.7% per year (0.993, 95% CI 0.986-0.999) was observed. The age-standardized prevalence increased from 41.9 and 29.9 per 1000 in 2005/2006 to 50.8 and 34.6 in 2012/2013 in men and women, respectively. This corresponds to an annually increasing time trend for both men (1.024, 95% CI 1.022-1.027) and women (1.019, 95% CI 1.016-1.021). The total age-standardized prevalence of pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated diabetes (2012) was 46.9 per 1000 (55.6 for men and 38.8 for women). This corresponds to an annually increasing time trend (2010-2012) for both men (1.017, 95% CI 1.013-1.021) and women (1.012, 95% CI 1.008-1.016).

Conclusions: The prevalence of pharmacologically treated diabetes increased moderately during 8 years of follow-up, while the incidence decreased modestly. This is in contrast to the results reported by most other studies. The total prevalence of diabetes (both pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically treated) in Sweden is relatively low, from a global viewpoint.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Vol. 32, nr 10, s. 1319-1328
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44591DOI: 10.1111/dme.12716ISI: 000363044100012PubMedID: 25662570Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84941941016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44591DiVA, id: diva2:811684
Merknad

Funding Agency:

Primary Health Care Research Unit, Örebro, Sweden

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-05-12 Laget: 2015-05-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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Jansson, Stefan P. O.Fall, Katja

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