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A Study of the Validity of Two Exposure Assessment Tools: Stoffenmanager and the Advanced REACH Tool
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Univer - sity Hospital, 221 85 Lund, Sweden.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Region Örebro län. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Institute of Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Annals of work exposures and health, ISSN 2398-7308, Vol. 61, nr 5, s. 575-588Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of exposure modelling tools for estimating chemical airborne exposure has increased since the European Union's REACH legislation for safe use of industrial chemicals came into force. Two tools that European Chemicals Agency recommends are Stoffenmanager® and the Advanced REACH Tool (ART). The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of these two exposure modelling tools by comparing the lack of agreement between estimated and measured exposure. We examined the airborne chemical exposure at companies in seven different types of industries: wood, printing, foundry, spray painting, flour milling, chemical industry, and plastic moulding industry. The inhalable exposure of liquids or powders at two to three situations at each company was modelled with both tools and measured. To study the validity of the tools, the mean differences and precisions (lack of agreement) of exposures from both situations handling liquids and powders were calculated by using the 50th percentile outcome of the tools and the geometric mean of the measured exposure (all data were ln transformed). For Stoffenmanager, the mean difference and precision of the situations concerning liquids were 0.22 ± 1.0 and for powders -0.024 ± 0.66. It was also shown that Stoffenmanager overestimated low exposures and underestimated high exposures. Stoffenmanager showed higher agreement with the measured exposure in the wood and flour mill industries than in foundry and the plastic moulding industry. For ART, the mean difference and precision of liquids were -0.55 ± 0.88 and for powders -1.4 ± 1.6. ART showed lower agreement with the measured exposure in the wood industry.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford University Press, 2017. Vol. 61, nr 5, s. 575-588
Nyckelord [en]
exposure modelling, occupational exposure, occupational hygiene, risk assessment
Nationell ämneskategori
Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin
Forskningsämne
Arbets- och miljömedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57353DOI: 10.1093/annweh/wxx008ISI: 000410534200008PubMedID: 28355454OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-57353DiVA, id: diva2:1098600
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 2008-0228_ForteAFA Försäkring, 100127
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-24 Skapad: 2017-05-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Westberg, Håkan

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