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Are gestational diabetes and adiposity independent risk factors for perinatal outcomes?: A population based cohort study in Sweden
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Sweden; School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, sweden. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Diabetic Medicine, ISSN 0742-3071, E-ISSN 1464-5491Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Accepted
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Hoboken, USA: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2018.
Nationell ämneskategori
Endokrinologi och diabetes
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69788OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-69788DiVA, id: diva2:1258161
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-24 Skapad: 2018-10-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Gestational diabetes, obesity and pregnancy outcomes in Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Gestational diabetes, obesity and pregnancy outcomes in Sweden
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the thesis was to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes in relation to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in both a shortand long term perspective.

Study I was a population based cohort study including 1 249 908 pregnancies during the years 1998-2012. Maternal outcomes and fetal size were studied in relation to BMI and presence/absence of GDM. The conclusions were that maternal overweight and obesity are associated with similar increments in risks of adverse maternal outcomes and delivery of large-for-gestational-age infants in women with and without gestational diabetes. Study II was a population based cohort study using the same cohort as in study I. Fetal outcomes were studied in relation to GDM-status and BMI. Interaction between GDM and BMI for the outcomes was also analyzed. Conclusions were that excess maternal weight and GDM were, both major independent risk factors for adverse, perinatal outcomes, there were no intercation. In study III the same cohort was used to study time trends 1998-2012 in maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with GDM. Trends were also analyzed in women without GDM for comparison. This study showed that there have been improvements in fetal outcomes for women with GDM. But since the improvements were similar or less than the changes in the background population this was probably not due to better medical care for women with GDM alone. The conlusion is that there is still a lot to do to improve outcomes for women with GDM. Study IV was a case control study aiming to evaluate if there was an interaction between GDM and preeclampsia (PE) or if the conditions were independent risk factors for later cardio vascular disease (CVD). We also wanted to analyze how BMI influenced the association between PE and later CVD. We showed that GDM and PE are independently associated with elevated risk for CVD. The association of PE and CVD is not affected by BMI to a great extent as is the case in GDM and CVD.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro University, 2018. s. 73
Serie
Örebro Studies in Medicine, ISSN 1652-4063 ; 185
Nyckelord
gestational diabetes, obesity, maternal and perinatal outcomes, maternal health, pregnancy, cardiovascular disease
Nationell ämneskategori
Allmänmedicin
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-68976 (URN)978-91-7529-264-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-11-23, Örebro universitet, Campus USÖ, hörsal C3, Södra Grev Rosengatan 32, Örebro, 09:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-09-19 Skapad: 2018-09-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-10-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hildén, KarinSimmons, DavidFadl, Helena

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Hildén, KarinSimmons, DavidFadl, Helena
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Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaperRegion Örebro län
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Diabetic Medicine
Endokrinologi och diabetes

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