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Commuting time changes following residential relocations and job relocations
Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on empirical analysis of commuting time changes for workers who relocate residence, relocate job, or combine both residence and job relocation. A large register data set of individuals on the Swedish labor market, including travel times, is studied. Workers are not necessarily seeking to decrease their commuting time when they relocate job and/or residence. In fact, the average commuting time is longer after a relocation than before, thus suggesting that workers trade between a better job, a better residence and commuting time. The paper also presents results from a set of econometric models suggesting that commuting time changes differ substantially with respect to socio-economic characteristics as well as with respect to the part of the distribution of commuting time change that is analyzed.

Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-15433DiVA, id: diva2:413974
Tillgänglig från: 2011-05-02 Skapad: 2011-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Commuting time choice and the value of travel time
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Commuting time choice and the value of travel time
2009 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

In the modern industrialized society, a long commuting time is becoming more and more common. However, commuting results in a number of different costs, for example, external costs such as congestion and pollution as well as internal costs such as individual time consumption. On the other hand, increased commuting opportunities offer welfare gains, for example via larger local labor markets. The length of the commute that is acceptable to the workers is determined by the workers' preferences and the compensation opportunities in the labor market. In this thesis the value of travel time or commuting time changes, has been empirically analyzed in four self-contained essays.

First, a large set of register data on the Swedish labor market is used to analyze the commuting time changes that follow residential relocations and job relocations. The average commuting time is longer after relocation than before, regardless of the type of relocation. The commuting time change after relocation is found to differ substantially with socio-economic characteristics and these effects also depend on where the distribution of commuting time changes is evaluated.

The same data set is used in the second essay to estimate the value of commuting time (VOCT). Here, VOCT is estimated as the trade-off between wage and commuting time, based on the effects wage and commuting time have on the probability of changing jobs. The estimated VOCT is found to be relatively large, in fact about 1.8 times the net wage rate.

In the third essay, the VOCT is estimated on a different type of data, namely data from a stated preference survey. Spouses of two-earner households are asked to individually make trade-offs between commuting time and wage. The subjects are making choices both with regard to their own commuting time and wage only, as well as when both their own commuting time and wage and their spouse's commuting time and wage are simultaneously changed. The results show relatively high VOCT compared to other studies. Also, there is a tendency for both spouses to value the commuting time of the wife highest.

Finally, the presence of hypothetical bias in a value of time experiment without scheduling constraints is tested. The results show a positive but not significant hypothetical bias. By taking preference certainty into account, positive hypothetical bias is found for the non-certain subjects.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2009. s. 22
Serie
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 18
Nyckelord
Value of time, Value of travel time, Commuting, Commuting time changes, Value of commuting time, Register data, On-the-job search, Revealed preferences, Stated preferences, Hypothetical bias, Scheduling constraints, Relocations, Certainty calibration, Quantile regression, Mixed logit, Gender differences
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi Samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8524 (URN)978-91-7668-704-8 (ISBN)
Disputation
2009-12-16, BIO, Forumhuset, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2009-11-24 Skapad: 2009-11-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad

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Swärdh, Jan-Erik

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