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Local warming to reduce pain on peripheral intravenous cannula insertion: a randomised controlled study
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5403-4183
2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of advanced perioperative care, ISSN 1470-5664, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 107-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Insertion of intravenous cannulas (IVCs) is one of the most commonly used invasive procedures in healthcare and can be perceived as very painful by the patient.The aim of this study was to evaluate whether venous dilatation produced by local warming (LW) reduces pain on peripheral IVC insertion.The study with a sample size of 125 patients was undertaken in a day care unit.Patients were randomised to an experimental group (n = 61) or a control group (n = 64).The experimental group received LW during 60 seconds before cannula insertion.The control group received no treatment.The intravenous catheter used was optiva, an 18 gauge over-the-needle catheter.Pain was measured with a 10cm visual analogue scale (VAS) with a possible pain score of 0–10.The results showed no statistical significance between the groups in mean pain, with 1.74 measured in the LW group versus 2.01 scored in the control group.The percentage of patients who had a VAS >3 was 15.6% in the LW group versus 22.9% in the control group.However, this difference was not statistically significant. In conclusion, LW before peripheral IVC insertion appears not to have any pain-reducing effect. Altogether 20% of all the participants experienced the insertion as a painful procedure.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2006. Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 107-111
Nyckelord [en]
intravenous cannula, pain, pain reduction
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24532Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33644963949OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24532DiVA, id: diva2:545198
Tillgänglig från: 2012-08-17 Skapad: 2012-08-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad

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Rosen, SivNilsson, Ulrica

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