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Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data
Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5479-5310
Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5830-9831
Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 240-274Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper was to analyse effects on firm–level relative demand for skilled labour due to imports of intermediates (offshoring) and exports of intermediates (inshoring). The study is based on a data set of Swedish manufacturing firms, 1997–2002, using trade flows in intermediate goods and services, respectively. Descriptive data show that goods inshoring is much larger than goods offshoring, while the reverse is true for services. There is, however, a strong increase in services inshoring over the study period. Controlling for potential endogeneity in offshoring and inshoring, our results indicate that there is a positive effect of services offshoring on the skill composition of workers in Swedish firms, while no such causality can be established from inshoring.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 240-274
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35856DOI: 10.1111/twec.12396ISI: 000396889400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84964389348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35856DiVA, id: diva2:736138
Tillgänglig från: 2014-08-05 Skapad: 2014-08-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. The skill composition in the light of sourcing:offshoring and inshoring
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The skill composition in the light of sourcing:offshoring and inshoring
2014 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Orebro University, 2014. s. 73
Nyckelord
Offshoring, firm level data, relative employment, translog cost function
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35277 (URN)
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2014-06-20 Skapad: 2014-06-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Essays on Offshoring, Labor Demand and Hypothetical Bias in Choice Experiments
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Essays on Offshoring, Labor Demand and Hypothetical Bias in Choice Experiments
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of four papers on offshoring, labor demand and hypothetical bias in travel-time stated choice experiments. They are summarized as follows. Essay 1: Firm-level Effects of Offshoring of Materials and Services on Relative Labor Demand analyzes the effect of relocation of production process abroad (offshoring), on relative labor demand for the Swedish manufacturing sector over the period 1997-2002. This essay gives no support to the expected negative effect of out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms and even shows an increase in relative demand of high-skilled labor due to service offshoring. Essay 2: Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data adds to the existing literature of offshoring by simultaneously analyzing the effect of offshoring and inshoring measured as firm-level imports and exports, respectively, of intermediate goods (materials) or services on firm-level relative labor demand for high-skilled labor. The causality that we find between relative labor demand and service offshoring, cannot be established neither from goods nor services inshoring. Essay 3: Is ‘Referencing’ a Remedy to Hypothetical Bias in Value of Time Elicitation? Evidence from Economic Experiments demonstrates negative hypothetical bias, i.e. higher value of time is revealed by real choice when it is compared with the value estimated from a hypothetical choice survey. Referencing, that involves interviewing the respondents about the attributes of a reference trip that has been made and then constructing the stated choice experiment presenting variations of that trip, is tested as a suggested remedy. The results indicate that any negative hypothetical bias that would exist without referencing treatment would have been further magnified by the referencing design. Essay 4: Joint Usage of Referencing and Certainty in Travel Time Stated Choice Experiments explores the heterogeneous association of referencing with respect to self-reported choice-certainty with responses in stated choice experiments. The findings in the essay show that while uncertain respondents are more likely to accept the offer of a travel-time prolongation for monetary compensation with referencing, certain respondents tend to be less likely to accept the offer under referencing conditions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro University, 2018. s. 33
Serie
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 40
Nyckelord
Offshoring, Inshoring, Firm-level Data, Relative Labor Demand, Stated Choice Experiments, Hypothetical Bias, Referencing, Certainty Calibration, Value of Time
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66590 (URN)978-91-7529-248-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-06-08, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-13 Skapad: 2018-04-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Andersson, LindaKarpaty, PatrikSavsin, Selen

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