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Impact of organic carbon on the leachability of vanadium, manganese, iron and molybdenum from shale residues
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. (Man-Technology-Environment Research Centre)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7845-6495
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. (Man-Technology-Environment Research Centre)
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Minerals Engineering, ISSN 0892-6875, E-ISSN 1872-9444, Vol. 75, s. 100-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

From 1942 to the 1966, oil was produced by pyrolysis of shale, in Kvarntorp, Sweden. This generated some 40 million m3 of metal rich pyrolyzed shale and discarded fines that were piled on site with its original metal content almost intact. The present study focuses on the leaching of vanadium, manganese, iron and molybdenum from fines after addition of wood chips and steel slag, in outdoor 1 m3 reactor systems at low liquid to solid ratio, in order to evaluate the potential environmental impact and recovery of the elements from the leachates. Seasonal variations were observed, with increased leaching during peak summer. For vanadium and molybdenum, high addition of wood chips decreased the leaching, probably due to adsorption. Manganese showed the opposite behavior while leaching of iron was almost independent of the amount of wood chips. Depending on the systems, up to 2200 μg L-1 vanadium, 90 μg L-1 molybdenum, 25 mg L-1 manganese and 500 mg L-1 iron was found in the aqueous phase. Applied to the 40 million m3 pile, the annual leaching of those elements may reach 14 ton, 0.6 ton, 200 ton and 2400 ton, respectively.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 75, s. 100-109
Nyckelord [en]
Bioleaching; Environmental; Leaching; Pollution
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41168DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng.2014.10.018ISI: 000353861300015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84927124587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41168DiVA, id: diva2:779776
Anmärkning

Funding Agency:

Faculty of Economics, Science and Technology at Örebro University

Tillgänglig från: 2015-01-13 Skapad: 2015-01-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Utilization of waste materials for extraction of strategic metals: a biogeochemical approach
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Utilization of waste materials for extraction of strategic metals: a biogeochemical approach
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Worldwide the modern society produces vast amounts of waste materials containing strategic and valuable metals. Some of them are of substantial economic or environmental significance if controlled recovery of metals can be performed or if uncontrolled release to the environment occurs.

By cultivating Agrostis capillaris on historical sulfidic mine waste the leachate composition can be altered and its volume reduced. In combination with additives such as bark compost and water works granules the concentration of several hazardous metals decreased significantly already after eight weeks. Limited actions can therefore be used to decrease the environmental impact from such waste.

Shale in general contains considerable amounts of strategic metals. If naturally occurring microorganisms are provided with a source of nutrients, increased mobilization of strategic metals can be obtained. By using wood chips as the nutrient source the mobilization of vanadium and uranium increased significantly. Highest mobilization efficiency was observed when the carbon source was put on top of the shale.

Analysis of strategic metals is often performed by argon plasma techniques such as ICP-QMS. However, the use of argon increases the analytical costs. If isotopic information is not needed and slightly higher uncertainties can be accepted, several strategic metals can successfully be quantified by the nitrogen plasma based MP AES. The analytical cost can then be cut with more than 99%.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro University, 2017. s. 79
Serie
Örebro Studies in Environmental Science, ISSN 1650-6278 ; 17
Nyckelord
biogeochemistry, ICP-QMS, MP AES, strategic metals, vanadium, uranium, mine waste, steel slag, shale residues
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53960 (URN)978-91-7529-174-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-02-17, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-14 Skapad: 2016-12-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad

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Sjöberg, ViktorKarlsson, Stefan

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