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Characterisation of additive manufacturing metal: carbon-fibre composite bond by dual-energy computed tomography
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9362-8328
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1408-2249
2017 (English)In: EUSPEN, Conference Proceedings, Special Interest Group: Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Finish in Additive Manufacturing, Octrober 2017, KU Leuven, Belgium: EUSPEN , 2017, p. 189-192Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Joining of dissimilar materials is a topic of high interest for the industry. The ability to seamlessly join materials with significant differences in properties would advance the development of efficient designs and concepts within many fields. In this work, bonds between aluminium and carbon-fibre reinforced plastic have been studied. The aluminium side of the bonds were fabricated using classical methods (milling) and additive manufacturing. Two types of bonds were fabricated using additive manufacturing, one flat, relying on the rough surface for adhesion in the bond, and the other with surface features designed to hook into the carbon-fibre plies. All the bonds were fabricated using wet layup of carbon-fibre, the idea was that the aluminium parts would bond to the plastic composite in one step. The bonds were characterised using dual-energy computed tomography. The method used in this work was non-linear and based around fusing of projections acquired with different energy spectra. The mechanical strength of the bonds was also evaluated, both through tensile tests and four-point bending.It was found that the bonds including additive manufactured aluminium was stronger than the milled samples in general. In the computed tomography data, it could be seen that the adhesion in those bonds were better, most likely due to the rough surface. The strongest bonds were those with additive manufacturing surface features. However, the computed tomography data revealed that these bonds have difficulties with integration between the surface features and the carbon-fibre plies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KU Leuven, Belgium: EUSPEN , 2017. p. 189-192
Keywords [en]
Additive manufacturing, Dual-energy computed tomography, carbon-fibre composite, joining
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61550ISBN: 978-0-9957751-1-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-61550DiVA, id: diva2:1149468
Conference
EUSPEN, Conference Proceedings, Special Interest Group: Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Finish in Additive Manufacturing, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, October 2017
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2019-05-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. More Than a Shadow: Computed Tomography Method Development and Applications Concerning Complex Material Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>More Than a Shadow: Computed Tomography Method Development and Applications Concerning Complex Material Systems
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The complexity of the components fabricated in today's industry is ever increasing. This is partly due to market pressure, but it is also a result from recent progress in fabrication technologies that open up new design possibilities. The increased use of additive manufacturing and multi-material systems, especially, has driven the complexity of parts to new heights. The new complex material systems bring benets in many areas such as; mechanical properties, weight reduction, and multifunctions. However, the increased complexity also makes inspection and dimensional control more dicult. In additive manufacturing, for example, internal features can be fabricated which cannot be seen or measured with conventional tools. There is thus a need for non-destructive inspection methods that can measure these geometries. Such a method is X-ray computed tomography. Computed tomography utilizes the X-rays ability to penetrate material to create 3D digital volumes of components. Measurements and material investigations can be performed in these volumes without any damage to the investigated component. However, industrial computed tomography is still not a fully mature method and there are many uncertainties associated with the investigation technique. In this work, a dual-energy computed tomography tool has been developed with the aim to increase the performance of computed tomography when investigating complex geometries and material combinations. This method has been applied to various phantoms and an industrial case. Also, in this work, complex lattice structures fabricated with additive manufacturing have been investigated and analysed using computed tomography. The results show that the new DECT method improves measurement results and can be utilized to inspect multi-material components. The results also show that computed tomography can be used successfully to gain knowledge about complex lattices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 139
Series
Örebro Studies in Technology, ISSN 1650-8580 ; 84
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-73739 (URN)978-91-7529-286-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-06-12, Örebro universitet, Teknikhuset, Hörsal T, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-04-15 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Pejryd, Lars

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