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Perceptions of Physical Activity Participation Among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Conceptual Model of Conditional Participation
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9074-6559
School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6703-7575
2018 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 1792-1802Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are less physically active compared to typically developing peers. The reasons for not being physically active are complex and depend on several factors, which have not been comprehensively described from the adolescent's perspective. Therefore, the aim was to describe how adolescents with an ASD perceive, experience and reflect on their participation in physical activity. Interviews with 24 adolescents diagnosed with high-functioning ASD, aged 12-16 years, were analysed with qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. They expressed a variety of reasons determining their willingness to participate, which were conceptualized as: Conditional participation in physical activities. The present study presents an alternative perspective on participation in physical activity, with impact on intervention design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2018. Vol. 48, no 5, p. 1792-1802
Keywords [en]
Autism spectrum disorder; Adolescent; Physical activity; Participation
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63403DOI: 10.1007/s10803-017-3436-2ISI: 000429476300029PubMedID: 29236210Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85037992493OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63403DiVA, id: diva2:1167681
Note

Funding Agencies:

Sunnerdahls Handikappfond  

Kempe-Carlgrenska fonden  

Region Örebro County, Sweden 

Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2022-11-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Participation in physical activity among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: the perspectives of adolescents, parents and professionals
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participation in physical activity among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: the perspectives of adolescents, parents and professionals
2022 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Findings from previous research show generally lower levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The reasons for the low PA participation are complex and depend on several factors, often described as barriers to PA. However, the overall picture concerning participation in PA among adolescents with ASD remains incomplete, as it lacks the adolescents’ own perspectives. The mission to promote healthy PA habits is shared by several actors, including the family or parents and the education, health and municipal services. In order to understand and comprehensively describe these adolescents’ PA participation, different PA contexts and perspectives need to be included. The overall aim of this thesis was therefore to study participation in PA among adolescents with ASD from the adolescents’ (study I), parents’ (study II) and professionals’ (study III) perspectives. The findings from study I showed a conditional participation behaviour in PA among adolescents with ASD. In studies II and III, the results revealed a need to give PA issues increased priority and support through collaborative efforts. Complementary roles are needed to promote participation in PA. In study IV, the feasibility of using a Q-sort tool to map conditions for participation in PA was investigated. The results showed that Q-sort is a feasible method that can be used to offer tailored support according to the adolescents’ individual-specific conditions for participation. In conclusion, a condition-controlled behaviour when participating in PA was described in all four studies. When promoting participation in PA, these individual-specific conditions for participation need to be recognized and tailored support offered. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2022. p. 101
Series
Studies from The Swedish Institute for Disability Research, ISSN 1650-1128 ; 109
Keywords
Autism spectrum disorder, adolescent, child, physical activity, physical education, participation, socio-ecological model
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-99420 (URN)9789175294612 (ISBN)
Public defence
2022-09-16, Örebro universitet, Campus USÖ, hörsal C1, Södra Grev Rosengatan 32, Örebro, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-06-07 Created: 2022-06-07 Last updated: 2022-11-02Bibliographically approved

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Arnell, SusannLundqvist, Lars-Olov

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