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Investigating the effect of fabrication temperature on mechanical properties of fused deposition modelling parts using X-ray computed tomography
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1286-3420
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9362-8328
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6271-6432
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1408-2249
2019 (English)In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015, Vol. 100, no 1-4, p. 287-296Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is one of the most common additive manufacturing (AM) techniques for fabricating prototypes as well as functional parts. In this technique, several parameters may influence the part quality and consequently mechanical properties of fabricated components. In this paper, an experimental investigation on effects of fabrication temperature as one of the influential parameters on mechanical properties of manufactured parts is presented. A series of specimens fabricated at temperatures ranging from 180 to 260 C were used for this investigation. X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used in order to non-destructively analyze the internal geometry of the specimens especially the bond between extruded filaments. Finally, the specimens were subjected to a uniaxial tensile load for evaluation of mechanical properties. The results showed that the specimens fabricated at lower temperatures have relatively lower tensile strength despite their considerably higher strain at break. In addition, the specimens fabricated at higher temperature range had significantly higher tensile strength because of the better bond between extruded filaments. The different mechanical responses were highly related to the internal geometry of the specimens and not necessarily the porosity. CT showed great potential as a non-destructive tool for investigation and development of FDM process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer London, 2019. Vol. 100, no 1-4, p. 287-296
Keywords [en]
Fused deposition modeling, Computed tomography, Polylactic acid, Additive manufacturing
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69110DOI: 10.1007/s00170-018-2664-8ISI: 000455946000025Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053832455OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-69110DiVA, id: diva2:1251854
Available from: 2018-09-28 Created: 2018-09-28 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Application of X-ray Computed Tomography for Assessment of Additively Manufactured Products
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of X-ray Computed Tomography for Assessment of Additively Manufactured Products
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a novel method for fabricating parts from three-dimensional model data, usually by joining materials in layer upon layer fashion. The freedom of design in this method has resulted in new possibilities for fabrication of parts with complex geometries. Manufacturing nearnet- shape parts as well as geometrically complex components such as periodic cellular structures that are used in lightweight structural components, has made AM a promising manufacturing method in industry.

Despite the numerous advantages of the AM methods, the imperfections associated with the manufacturing processes has limited the application of additively manufactured parts. Porosity and surface texture of AM parts especially those fabricated using Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) methods, have been studied in this thesis. It was observed that the mentioned imperfections have a considerable impact on the mechanical performance of thin-wall structures that are the constituting units of surface-based periodic cellular structures. The quality of internal structure in components fabricated using Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) and its effect on the strength of those components were the other issues investigated in this thesis.

In order to investigate the mechanical strength of AM parts, as the result of mentioned mesoscale imperfections, appropriate evaluation methods that are capable of quantitatively assessing these imperfections are required. X-ray Computed Tomography (CT), a non-destructive evaluation method, has shown high capabilities for providing useful and reliable geometrical information of both internal and external features of AM components. The challenges involved with the application of CT for assessment of AM component are also studied in this thesis.

Apart from the contributions of this thesis on how CT may be used in AM field, the results of this thesis has provided insight into the design process of cellular structures. This thesis has provided essential information about the strength dependency of thin-walls as the result of mesoscale fabrication defects and how these defects are dependent on the selected material and design of the structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 61
Series
Örebro Studies in Technology, ISSN 1650-8580 ; 85
Keywords
Additive manufacturing, X-ray computed tomography, Surface roughness
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75190 (URN)978-91-7529-296-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-09-17, Örebro universitet, Långhuset, Hörsal L1, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Zekavat, Amir RezaJansson, AntonLarsson, JoakimPejryd, Lars

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