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Descriptions and presentations of sepsis: A qualitative content analysis of emergency calls
Karolinska Institutet, Institution of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Institution of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; Section of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Institution of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Institution of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; Section of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 294-298Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a serious condition which requires early treatment. We often fail to recognize sepsis patients in the chain of prehospital care. Knowledge of how sepsis is expressed in calls to the emergency medical communication centre (EMCC) is limited. An increased understanding could lead to earlier identification of patients with sepsis.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the descriptions of sepsis used during communication between the caller and the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD).

METHODS: To achieve the aim of the study, an inductive approach of qualitative content analysis was used. In total, 29 consecutive patients, who arrived at the emergency department by ambulance and received a diagnosis of sepsis according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10, were included in the study. For each case, the corresponding emergency call recording from the EMCC was transcribed verbatim. Main categories and subcategories from the text were abstracted.

RESULTS: From fifteen subcategories, three main categories were abstracted: "Deterioration", "Physical signs and symptoms" and "Difficulties establishing satisfactory contact with the patient." The way laymen and professionals expressed themselves seemed to differ.

CONCLUSIONS: Sepsis was described in terms of the physical symptoms, changes of condition and communication abilities of the patient. This knowledge could lead to the identification of keywords which could be incorporated in the decision tool used by the EMD to increase sepsis identification, but further research is required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 23, no 4, p. 294-298
Keywords [en]
Communication, Dispatching, Emergency medical services, Sepsis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-69405DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2015.04.003ISI: 000364123400006PubMedID: 26031475Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84944441155OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-69405DiVA, id: diva2:1254513
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-12Bibliographically approved

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