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CBT group treatment for vulvovaginal pain with partner involvement: a single case experimental design pilot
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8350-1836
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2718-7402
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-0452
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Background: Recurring pain in the vulvovaginal regional induced by touch or pressure is thought to be the most frequent cause of superficial dyspareunia in premenopausal women. Its prevalence is 7-15% in community samples and has a serious impact on couples sexual function, sexual satisfaction, general psychological well-being and overall quality of life.

The last decade of research suggests that psychological factors, such as fear of pain, catastrophizing, and avoidance behavior may contribute to the maintenance and exacerbation of dyspareunia. Conventional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions aim at reducing pain, restoring sexual function and improving the romantic relationship by targeting the thoughts, emotions, behaviors and couple interactions associated with the experience of dyspareunia. Furthermore, given the interpersonal sexual context in which dyspareunia is most often triggered, relationship factors is an important area to address.

Research Questions: The primary purpose is to evaluate whether a CBT group program with partner involvement improves pain during penetration in women with superficial dyspareunia. Secondary objectives are to evaluate women’s (and their partner’s) sexuality (sexual function & satisfaction), psychological adjustment (negative and positive penetration beliefs, pain coping behaviour) and relationship factors (relationship satisfaction). 

Methods: The current study consists of a CBT group treatment program of 10 group sessions and 3 individual couple sessions distributed over a period of 6 months. The study will employ a single case experimental design with multiple baselines (N=6) where each individual represents a case and is randomized to a specific length of baseline. The primary and secondary outcomes will be measured weekly through both baseline and treatment phase to enable investigation of changes in outcome between the two phases. Additionally, secondary outcomes for both women and their partners are measured pre- and post-treatment. Single case experimental designs are recommended as a first step to investigate individual responses to psychological interventions as well as testing interventions as a pilot before implementing treatments in extensive RCT studies (Morley, 2017).

Results: Data collection is in progress and will be completed early June 2018. The results of the study will be presented at the conference.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Vulvovaginal pain, CBT group treatment, Partner participation, Single case experimental design
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70480OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70480DiVA, id: diva2:1268022
Conference
IASR (International Academy of Sex Research) 44th annual meeting, Madrid, Spain, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved

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CBT group treatment with partner involvement for women with vulvovaginal pain: a single case experimental design pilot(1771 kB)3 downloads
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Engman, LinneaFlink, IdaLinton, Steven J.

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7891011121310 of 130
CiteExportLink to record
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