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Being women in a male preserve: an ethnography of female football ultras
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Center for Studies on Civic Engagement, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Sociology and Business Law, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6270-501x
2019 (English)In: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 318-329Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article looks at the characteristics of contemporary sports audiences from the perspective of gender, focusing on the phenomenon of female ultras or ‘professional’ football fans. Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in an Italian football ultras group composed of male and female fans, this paper offers an analysis of female participation in communities of organized supporters. In examining the role and position of women inside the considered group, the paper pays attention to their perception of the existing gender differences showing how female ultras explain inequalities on the basis of ‘natural’ and ‘innate’ differences and capacities between men and women. Existing patterns of male dominance are supported by female fans’ own discourses and performance of their gender identity in the ‘male preserve’. Rather than questioning male dominance and gender hierarchies, female supporters’ efforts appear aimed at being recognized as ultras ‘despite being women’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019. Vol. 28, no 3, p. 318-329
Keywords [en]
Female fans, ultras, football, ethnography, male dominance, gender relationships
National Category
Gender Studies Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-70672DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2018.1443803ISI: 000459813700007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042919964OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-70672DiVA, id: diva2:1269515
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 649416 701844Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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