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Limited Effect of Beta-blockade on Postoperative Outcome After Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Surgery.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4958-1611
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Surgery.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3552-9153
Division of Surgery, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Obesity Surgery, ISSN 0960-8923, E-ISSN 1708-0428, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 139-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The benefit of beta-blockade on postoperative outcome remains controversial, though recent studies have suggested a role during major non-cardiac surgery. The benefit of beta-blockade during minimally invasive gastric bypass surgery remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible association between preoperative beta-blocker therapy and postoperative outcome after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

METHODS: Patients operated with primary laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery in Sweden between 2007 and 2017 were identified through the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry. The dataset was linked to the Swedish National Patient Registry, the Swedish Prescribed Drug Registry, and Statistics Sweden. The main outcome was serious postoperative complication within 30 days of surgery; with postoperative complication, 90-day and 1-year mortality, and weight loss at 2 years after surgery as secondary endpoints. The Poisson regression model was used to evaluate primary and secondary categorical outcomes. A general mixed model was performed to evaluate 2-year weight loss.

RESULTS: In all, 50281 patients were included in the study. No difference was seen between patients on beta-blockade and the control group regarding postoperative complications (adjusted incidence rate ratio 1.04 (95%CI 0.93-1.15), p = 0.506), serious postoperative complication (adjusted IRR 1.06 95%CI 0.89-1.27), p = 0.515), 90-day mortality (adjusted IRR 0.71 (95%CI 0.24-2.10), p = 0.537), and 1-year mortality (adjusted IRR 1.26 (95%CI 0.67-2.36), p = 0.467). Weight loss 2 years after surgery was slightly greater in patients on beta-blockade (adjusted coefficient 0.53 (95%CI 0.19-0.87), p = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: Beta-blockade has limited impact on postoperative outcome after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2020. Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 139-145
Nyckelord [en]
Beta-blockade, Gastric bypass, Postoperative outcome
Nationell ämneskategori
Kirurgi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75571DOI: 10.1007/s11695-019-04108-8ISI: 000512073200018PubMedID: 31346982Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85069715589OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-75571DiVA, id: diva2:1341648
Forskningsfinansiär
Novo NordiskStockholms läns landsting
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies:

Region Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comte Region Hauts-de-France Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine OLL-884791

SRP Diabetes 

Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-09 Skapad: 2019-08-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Stenberg, ErikMohseni, ShahinCao, Yang

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