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Efficacy of a transdiagnostic emotion-focused exposure treatment for chronic pain patients with comorbid anxiety and depression: a randomized controlled trial
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Center for Health and Medical Psychology.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9429-9012
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Division of Psychology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2718-7402
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Pain, ISSN 0304-3959, E-ISSN 1872-6623, Vol. 160, nr 8, s. 1708-1718Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The comorbidity between chronic pain and emotional problems has proven difficult to address with current treatment options. This study addresses the efficacy of a transdiagnostic emotion-focused exposure treatment ("hybrid") for chronic pain patients with comorbid emotional problems. Adults (n = 115) with chronic musculoskeletal pain and functional and emotional problems were included in a 2-centre, parallel randomized controlled, open-label trial comparing this treatment to an active control condition receiving a guided Internet-delivered pain management treatment based on CBT principles (iCBT). The hybrid treatment (n = 58, 10-16 sessions) integrates exposure in vivo for chronic pain based on the fear-avoidance model with an emotion-regulation approach informed by procedures in Dialectical Behavior Therapy. The iCBT (n = 57; 8 treatment modules) addresses topics such as pain education, coping strategies, relaxation, problem solving, stress, and sleep management using standard CBT techniques. Patient-reported outcomes were assessed before and after treatment as well as at a 9-month primary end point. Across conditions, 78% participants completed post-treatment and 81% follow-up assessment. Intent-to-treat analyses showed that the hybrid had a significantly better post-treatment outcome on pain catastrophizing (d = 0.39) and pain interference (d = 0.63) and significantly better follow-up outcomes on depression (d = 0.43) and pain interference (d = 0.51). There were no differences on anxiety and pain intensity. Observed proportions of clinically significant improvement favoured the hybrid on all but one comparison, but no statistically significant differences were observed. We conclude that the hybrid emotion-focused treatment may be considered an acceptable, credible, and efficacious treatment option for chronic pain patients with comorbid emotional problems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 160, nr 8, s. 1708-1718
Nyckelord [en]
Chronic pain, Emotional problems, Transdiagnostic, Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Internet, Randomized clinical trial, Exposure
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75576DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001575ISI: 000480764500006PubMedID: 31335641Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85066118471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-75576DiVA, id: diva2:1341664
Forskningsfinansiär
AFA Försäkring, 140356Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P14-0799: 1
Anmärkning

Funding Agency:

Region Östergötland  LIO-724821

Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-09 Skapad: 2019-08-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Boersma, KatjaHesser, HugoFlink, IdaLinton, Steven J.

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