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Liquid Chromatography-Ion Mobility-High Resolution Mass Spectrometry for Analysis of Pollutants in Indoor Dust: Identification and Predictive Capabilities
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Waters Corporation, Milford MA, USA. (MTM Research Centre)
Department of Physiology and Experimental Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Mouse Imaging Centre, Toronto ON, Canada.
Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John’s NL, Canada.
Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham MA, USA.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
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Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-76980DiVA, id: diva2:1356746
Available from: 2019-10-02 Created: 2019-10-02 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Advances in Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Emerging Persistent Organic Pollutants
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advances in Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Emerging Persistent Organic Pollutants
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Mass spectrometry (MS) is a technique widely implemented for the measurement of environmental pollutants. A critical tool for the analysis of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) over several decades, MS as coupled with liquid and gas chromatography (LC and GC) techniques enables the analysis of emerging POPs. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the use of alternative MS-based techniques to assist specific analytical challenges including separation of stereoisomers using supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC), reduced ionization competition with appropriate mobile phase additives, and applied rotationally averaged collision-cross section (CCS) of ions via ion mobility measurements of emerging POPs.

Chromatographic efficiency improvements for the brominated flame retardant, hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), were implemented through the development of two supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) methods. Based on the inherent qualities of supercritical fluids, separation of both predominant diastereomers and respective enantiomers was performed in a shorter time with wider chromatographic resolution using SFC than existing LC methods.

Turning next to MS ionization considerations, the emerging perfluoroalkyl substance hexafluoropropylene oxide-dimer acid (HFPO-DA) was investigated. Following a survey of analytical methodologies for HFPO-DA, the challenge of extreme dimer formation, in-source fragmentation and very low [M-H]- production was described. Method development using alternative mobile phase additives in currently used LC-MS acquisition techniques was deployed.

Finally, ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) was implemented in a non-targeted acquisition study of indoor dust samples. This study used IMS coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight MS to identify a wide range of contaminant classes, including emerging POPs. Identification confidence is a challenge currently facing non-targeted studies, and the use of prediction mechanisms of analyte IMS gas-phase separations was explored.

Through applying diverse alternative techniques, increased method performance was explored for emerging POPs analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 83
Series
Örebro Studies in Chemistry, ISSN 1651-4270 ; 24
Keywords
Mass Spectrometry, Liquid Chromatography, Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, Ion Mobility, POPs, Electrospray Ionization
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Other Chemistry Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76213 (URN)978-91-7529-303-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-10-25, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:15 (English)
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Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-11 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Mullin, Lauren GayleYeung, Leo W. Y.Ericson Jogsten, Ingrid

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