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Allogenic Faecal Microbiota Transfer Induces Immune-Related Gene Sets in the Colon Mucosa of Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. (NGBI)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4204-6811
Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics group, Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. (NGBI)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7173-5579
Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University and Research Centre and Human Microbiome Research Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Biomolecules, E-ISSN 2218-273X, Vol. 9, nr 10, artikel-id 586Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Faecal microbiota transfer (FMT) consists of the introduction of new microbial communities into the intestine of a patient, with the aim of restoring a disturbed gut microbiota. Even though it is used as a potential treatment for various diseases, it is unknown how the host mucosa responds to FMT. This study aims to investigate the colonic mucosa gene expression response to allogenic (from a donor) or autologous (own) FMT in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In a recently conducted randomised, double-blinded, controlled clinical study, 17 IBS patients were treated with FMT by colonoscopy. RNA was isolated from colonic biopsies collected by sigmoidoscopy at baseline, as well as two weeks and eight weeks after FMT. In patients treated with allogenic FMT, predominantly immune response-related gene sets were induced, with the strongest response two weeks after the FMT. In patients treated with autologous FMT, predominantly metabolism-related gene sets were affected. Furthermore, several microbiota genera showed correlations with immune-related gene sets, with different correlations found after allogenic compared to autologous FMT. This study shows that the microbe–host response is influenced by FMT on the mucosal gene expression level, and that there are clear differences in response to allogenic compared to autologous FMT.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 9, nr 10, artikel-id 586
Nyckelord [en]
Faecal microbiota transfer, Faecal microbiota transplantation, irritable bowel syndrome, gene expression, gut microbiota, host-microbe interaction
Nationell ämneskategori
Gastroenterologi
Forskningsämne
Medicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-77171DOI: 10.3390/biom9100586ISI: 000497726800078PubMedID: 31597320Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85073107066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-77171DiVA, id: diva2:1359756
Forskningsfinansiär
KK-stiftelsen
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies:

European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN)  

Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)

Tillgänglig från: 2019-10-10 Skapad: 2019-10-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-03Bibliografiskt granskad

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Allogenic Faecal Microbiota Transfer Induces Immune-Related Gene Sets in the Colon Mucosa of Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome(3597 kB)74 nedladdningar
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Holster, SavanneRepsilber, DirkBrummer, Robert JanKönig, Julia

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