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Antisocial behavior in adolescence: the role of individual characteristics
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8163-6558
2002 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this dissertation is to investigate whether traits on the level of the individual are important in understanding violent, frequent antisocial behavior among adolescents. The first of the four studies included in this dissertation asks whether individual-level explanations are going to be a fruitful approach at all. The other three studies speak to the question which particular individual characteristics are related to violent, frequent antisocial behavior.

Two different large samples of 14 to 16-year-old male and female non-referred adolescents were assessed. The adolescents were mainly assessed with self-report questionnaires but information from parents and teachers was also incorporated in one of the samples.

Results show that aggressive, antisocial behavior for a subgroup of adolescents cuts across social contexts, indicating that their aggressive behavior is largely dependent on individual characteristics, more than on situational factors. It is further shown that a constellation of personality traits involving a grandiose, manipulative interpersonal disposition, callous, unemotional affective traits, and an impulsive, irresponsible behavioral style, characterizes a subgroup of antisocial adolescents who have more violent, frequent antisocial behavior than antisocial adolescents without this personality constellation. This same subgroup also shows more pronounced problem behaviors of other kinds — early behavioral problems, problems with inhibiting aggressive behaviors, and problems with hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention.

Moreover, the results show that the affective facet of this particular personality constellation, involving callous, unemotional traits, plays an important role in violent, frequent antisocial behavior independently of other antisocial-related dimensions such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, and sensation seeking traits. Importantly, the main findings were similar for males and females.

It is concluded that specific personality traits are important to consider when moving further toward an understanding of violent, frequent antisocial behavior and that research on non-referred, community samples of youths can be particularly helpful for this purpose. Implications for prevention and intervention and directions for future research are discussed.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2002. , s. 61
Serie
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 1
Nyckelord [en]
youths, adolescents, antisocial behavior, aggressive behavior, violent behavior, individual characteristics, personality traits, psychopathic traits, psykologi
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24ISBN: 91-7668-298-6 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-24DiVA, id: diva2:136196
Disputation
2002-04-26, Aulan, Örebro universitetsbibliotek, Örebro, 10:00
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2002-04-26 Skapad: 2002-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
2001 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 31-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Examined the relationship between bullying in school and street violence. 2,915 adolescents (aged 14-15 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning street violence, weapon carrying, violence victimization, loitering, bullying, and nights away from home. Results show that bullying others in school was strongly linked to violent behavior and weapon-carrying on the streets, both among males and females. Bullying others in school was also related to being violently victimized on the streets. Findings suggest that school bullying is in many cases a part of a more general violent and aggressive behavior pattern, and that preventive efforts targeting individuals with bullying behavior in school may decrease violence among adolescents in the community as well.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
London: Taylor & Francis, 2001
Nyckelord
Aggressive Behavior, Student Characteristics, Victimization, Violence, Bullying, Weapons
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6554 (URN)10.1080/140438501317205538 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-04 Skapad: 2009-05-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
2. The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents
2002 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 383-402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Addresses the question of whether it is possible to use a self-report measure of psychopathic traits on non-referred youth samples to identify a subgroup of problematic youths who are particularly problematic and different from other problem youths. A large sample of 1,279 eighth-grade, non-referred adolescents (mean age 14.42 yrs), and their parents were assessed. Students completed self-report measures that assessed personality, conduct problems, and family functioning. Parents responded by completing and mailing in a questionnaire. Results show that the adolescents exhibiting a low-socialized psychopathy-like personality constellation had a more frequent, violent, and versatile conduct-problem profile than other low-socialized and well socialized adolescents. The psychopathy-like adolescents also differed from other poorly socialized adolescents in ways that suggested that their etiological background was different from adolescents with non-psychopathy-like conduct problems. The authors conclude that self-report measures can indeed be useful for research purposes in subtyping youths with conduct problems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002
Nyckelord
Antisocial Behavior, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Behavior Problems, Psychopathy, Self Report
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6543 (URN)10.1002/per.455 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-04 Skapad: 2009-05-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool
2002 (Engelska)Ingår i: Psychopaths: current international perspectives / [ed] Eric Blaauw, Lorraine Sheridan, Den Haag: Elsevier , 2002, s. 131-158Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Den Haag: Elsevier, 2002
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6748 (URN)90-5749-962-2 (ISBN)978-90-5749-962-3 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-05-12 Skapad: 2009-05-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youths
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youths
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15936 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2011-06-15 Skapad: 2011-06-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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