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Understanding Firm Behavior: The Role of Recruitments and Institutional Reforms
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The topic of this thesis is firm behavior and how it is shaped by institutional changes and firms’ recruitment decisions.

The first essay studies how the recruitment decisions made by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) affect their subsequent productivity development. Previous studies have shown that being able to recruit employees with complementary skills is associated with skill improvement among incumbent personnel, suggesting that new recruits promote productivity through knowledge spillovers. Using matched employer-employee data, we find that recruiting personnel from large multinational firms can be instrumental for the performance of SMEs.

In the second essay, we evaluate the labor market effects of the 2007 Swedish youth payroll reform. This reform generated considerable labor cost savings for firms, related to their pre-reform number of young employees. We study the effects of these savings on firms’ subsequent employment growth and wage development. Our findings suggest that a total of 18,100 jobs were created over the period 2006-2008 and that the savings were partially used to increase the total wages for incumbent employees.

The third essay utilizes the 2007 Swedish youth payroll reform to analyze whether general labor cost reductions enhance labor market opportunities for non-western immigrants. In contrast to targeted and time-limited wage subsidies for immigrants, which have frequently been used in the past, these savings were not tied to a specific group or to a certain time period. A strong and positive link between the amount of firms’ labor cost savings and the employment of first-generation non-western immigrants is found.

The fourth essay evaluates the efficiency of a staff register reform introduced within the Swedish restaurant and hairdresser industries in 2007. The aim of this reform was to prevent firms from deliberately understating their wage payments and, thereby, evading taxes. We estimate the effect of the staff register reform on wages per employee and find wage increases of 2.17-10.2 percent per incumbent employee at restaurant firms during the four years following the introduction of the reform. Through a revenue-cost comparison, we compare the estimated gain in tax revenues to the total costs borne by firms and the tax authority. Our findings imply that the total costs exceed the tax revenues, suggesting that this reform is unlikely to be economically justified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2020. , p. 36
Series
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 42
Keywords [en]
Recruitment, knowledge spillover, labor cost, labor demand, employment, immigrants, payroll tax, wages, tax evasion
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78665ISBN: 978-91-7529-318-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-78665DiVA, id: diva2:1379123
Public defence
2020-02-13, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-12-16 Created: 2019-12-16 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Recruiting for Small Business Growth: Micro-Level Evidence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recruiting for Small Business Growth: Micro-Level Evidence
2017 (English)In: International Reveiw of Entrepreneurship, ISSN 2009-2822, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 151-174, article id 1554Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the link between new employees in leading positions and subsequent productivity in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Managers and professionals are likely to possess important tacit knowledge. They are also in a position to influence the employing firm. Exploiting rich and comprehensive panel data for Sweden in the 2001-2010 period and employing semi-parametric and quasi-experimental estimation techniques, we find that newly recruited professionals have a positive and statistically significant impact on the productivity of the hiring SME. For newly recruited managers there is no general link to the productivity of the hiring SME. We also find that professionals with experience from international firms and enterprise groups contribute the most to total factor productivity. Overall, the findings suggest the importance of mobility of key personnel for productivity-enhancing knowledge spillovers to SMEs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Senate Hall Ltd, 2017
Keywords
recruitment, knowledge spillovers, firm growth, productivity, SME
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59316 (URN)000406063300002 ()
Note

Funding Agencies:

Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis  

Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Research Foundation  

Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
2. How do firms respond to reduced labor costs? Evidence from the 2007 Swedish payroll tax reform
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How do firms respond to reduced labor costs? Evidence from the 2007 Swedish payroll tax reform
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79273 (URN)
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
3. Firms’ labor cost savings and recruitment of non-western immigrants: The unintended effect of a payroll tax reform
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firms’ labor cost savings and recruitment of non-western immigrants: The unintended effect of a payroll tax reform
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79274 (URN)
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
4. Compulsory staff registers as a way of increasing firms’ wage reporting: A revenue-cost analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Compulsory staff registers as a way of increasing firms’ wage reporting: A revenue-cost analysis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79275 (URN)
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved

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Gidehag, Anton Nyrenström

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