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PVC flooring at home and development of asthma among young children in Sweden, a 10-year follow-up
Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3395-2409
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8889-5803
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2014 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 227-235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The incidence of asthma and allergy has increased throughout the developed world over the past decades. During the same period of time, the use of industrial chemicals such as phthalates, commonly used as plasticizers in polyvinylchloride (PVC) flooring material, has increased. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PVC flooring in the home of children in the age of 1–5 years is associated with the development of asthma in 5‐ and 10‐year follow‐up investigations (n = 3228). Dampness in Buildings and Health Study (DBH Study) commenced in 2000 in Värmland, Sweden. The current analyses included subjects who answered all baseline and follow‐up questionnaires. Logistic regression analyses were applied to questionnaire results. Children who had PVC floorings in the bedroom at baseline were more likely to develop doctor‐diagnosed asthma during the following 10‐year period when compared with children living without. There were indications that PVC flooring in the parents' bedrooms was strongly associated with the new cases of doctor‐diagnosed asthma when compared with child′s bedroom. Our results suggest that PVC flooring exposure during pregnancy could be a critical period in the development of asthma in children at a later time; prenatal exposure and measurements of phthalate metabolites should be included in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2014. Vol. 24, no 3, p. 227-235
Keywords [en]
Allergy, Asthma, Children, Dampness in Buildings and Health Study, Endocrine-disrupting chemicals, Incidence, Longitudinal, Phthalates, Polyvinylchloride flooring
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Research subject
Public Health Science; Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-79061DOI: 10.1111/ina.12074ISI: 000335008300002PubMedID: 24118287Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84899651719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-79061DiVA, id: diva2:1386262
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

The study was funded by grants from the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas), Swedish Asthma and Allergy Association's Research Foundation, the Swedish Foundation for Health Care Sciences and Allergy Research, and the County Council of Värmland.

Available from: 2013-10-17 Created: 2020-01-17 Last updated: 2020-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Shu, HuanLarsson, MalinNånberg, EewaBornehag, Carl-Gustaf

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Shu, HuanLarsson, MalinNånberg, EewaBornehag, Carl-Gustaf
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