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Linguistic Analysis of Communication in Therapist-Assisted Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina SK, Canada.
Department of Psychology, University of Regina, Regina SK, Canada.
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Counseling Psychology, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
2015 (English)In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 21-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Therapist-assisted Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) involves elements of expressive writing through secure messaging with a therapist. Expressive writing has been associated with psychological and physical health benefits in past research; furthermore, certain linguistic dimensions in expressive writing have been identified as particularly beneficial to health, such as less frequent use of negative emotion words and greater use of positive emotion words. No research, to date, has analyzed linguistic dimensions in client communication over the course of therapist-assisted ICBT for individuals with symptoms of generalized anxiety. This naturalistic study examined messages sent to therapists during the course of ICBT using linguistic analysis, and explored covariation of word use with symptom improvement. Data were obtained from patients with symptoms of generalized anxiety (N=59) who completed 12 modules of therapist-assisted ICBT and rated symptoms of anxiety, depression, and panic at the beginning of each module. Linguistic analysis categorized text submitted to therapists into different word categories. Results found that patients' use of negative emotion, anxiety, causation, and insight words reduced over the course of treatment, while past tense words increased. Furthermore, negative emotion words significantly covaried with symptom ratings over the course of treatment. While causal statements cannot be made, findings improve our understanding of patient communication in ICBT and suggest that the further study of linguistic dimensions as psychological indicators and the potential utility of expressive writing strategies in therapist-assisted ICBT may be worthwhile.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015. Vol. 44, no 1, p. 21-32
Keywords [en]
generalized anxiety, Internet-delivered, therapist-assisted, cognitive behavior therapy, linguistic analysis
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-78087DOI: 10.1080/16506073.2014.952773ISI: 000346265500003PubMedID: 25244051Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84918807803OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-78087DiVA, id: diva2:1387621
Note

Funding Agency:

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) 101526

Available from: 2020-01-22 Created: 2020-01-22 Last updated: 2020-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Hesser, Hugo

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