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Victimization, Positioning, and Support: Young Victims' Experiences of Crime
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1406-2064
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Victimization early in life can result in a number of different short and long-term consequences, for which young people might need help and support. However, from previous research it is unclear what kind of support young people perceive as supportive. The present dissertation therefore aims to theoretically and empirically investigate young people’s experiences of victimization and support. The aim is operationalized in three questions: (1) To what extent do young people with experiences of various types of victimization seek and receive support, both from professionals and from family and friends? (2) How do young people understand and construct themselves as victims? (3) How is support constructed, and which needs for support do young people perceive themselves as having after their victimization? The dissertation uses a mixed methods approach building on a quantitative dataset consisting of a survey with 2500 participants, and a qualitative dataset consisting of 19 narrative interviews with young victims of crime. The results show that few young victims seek and receive professional psychosocial support, while a greater percentage of them receive support from family and friends. Theoretically, this can be understood through how young victims construct their own victimhood, which affects what kind of support they received and perceived as supportive. Each individual describes what he or she perceived as supportive with regard to the victimization, which included firstly information and practical help, and secondly talking about the victimizing event. Information enabled the young victims to participate in the judicial and support process more on their own conditions, as they understood what was going to happen. Because of this, support as a concept needs to include various types of support adapted to the individual’s specific needs and circumstances. This means that specific types of support need to be constructed by the support provider together with the individual victim. This calls for a collaborative practice when supporting young victims of crime and for the support to be as individualized as possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2020. , p. 170
Series
Örebro Studies in Social work, ISSN 1651-145X ; 23
Keywords [en]
Youth, Young People, Victimization, Support, Positioning, Professional, Family, Friends, Information, Practical help
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-80436ISBN: 978-91-7529-332-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-80436DiVA, id: diva2:1412894
Public defence
2020-06-12, Örebro universitet, Långhuset, Hörsal L2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-03-09 Created: 2020-03-09 Last updated: 2020-05-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Does Professional or Social Network Support Meet the Needs of Victimized and Polyvictimized Youths in Sweden?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does Professional or Social Network Support Meet the Needs of Victimized and Polyvictimized Youths in Sweden?
2018 (English)In: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 390-408Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors use survey data on 2,160 young victims of crime and/or abuse in Sweden to examine whether professional psychosocial and/or social network support meets their needs. The results show that the likelihood of having sought and/or received professional psychosocial support increases with being a victim of more types of crime and/or abuse, as does the likelihood of experiencing anxiety and/or posttraumatic stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
Keywords
mental health problems; poly-victimization; support; victimization; youth
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59122 (URN)10.1080/15564886.2017.1340384 (DOI)000429940300006 ()2-s2.0-85024372759 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding Agency:

National Board of Health and Welfare  21-13275/2009

Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2020-05-19Bibliographically approved
2. Young victims’ positioning: Narrations of victimhood and support
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young victims’ positioning: Narrations of victimhood and support
2020 (English)In: International Review of Victimology, ISSN 0269-7580, E-ISSN 2047-9433, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 196-211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aims to analyze how young people narratively negotiate their position as victims, how their social surroundings react to their victim positioning and what types of support they are offered. It is argued that those who position themselves as innocent victims receive support, while those who do not position themselves as such are left to fend for themselves. It is concluded that receiving support functions as a way for young victims to keep intact their narratives of who they are; while young people who did not receive support and acceptance for their positioning needed to re-negotiate their narrative to make sense of who they are after the victimization. Thereby, the victimizing event was incorporated into their narrative identity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
Young people, youth, positioning, identity, support, victim
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74716 (URN)10.1177/0269758019854950 (DOI)000532352500004 ()2-s2.0-85067964343 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Brottsofferstöd i Sverige - Matchningen mellan ungdomars behov av stöd efter att ha utsatts för brott och det stöd som finns tillgängligt för dem
Funder
The Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority, 08563/2016
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2020-05-29Bibliographically approved
3. To Need or Not to Need Support? Understanding Young Victims’ Expressions of the Meaning of Support
Open this publication in new window or tab >>To Need or Not to Need Support? Understanding Young Victims’ Expressions of the Meaning of Support
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81941 (URN)
Available from: 2020-05-19 Created: 2020-05-19 Last updated: 2020-05-19Bibliographically approved

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