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Experimental study on the effect of pulsating inflow to an enclosure for improved mixing
KTH Mechanics, Stockholm, Sweden.
University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2421-7792
KTH Mechanics, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3251-8328
University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, ISSN 0142-727X, E-ISSN 1879-2278, Vol. 44, p. 108-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Optimal control of inlet jet flows is of broad interest for enhanced mixing in ventilated rooms. The general approach in mechanical ventilation is forced convection by means of a constant flow rate supply. However, this type of ventilation may cause several problems such as draught and appearance of stagnation zones, which reduces the ventilation efficiency. A potential way to improve the ventilation quality is to apply a pulsating inflow, which has been hypothesised to reduce the stagnation zones due to enhanced mixing. The present study aims at testing this hypothesis, experimentally, in a small-scale two-dimensional water model using Particle Image Velocimetry with an in-house vortex detection program. We are able to show that for an increase in pulsation frequency or alternatively in the flow rate the stagnation zones are reduced in size and the distribution of vortices becomes more homogeneous over the considered domain. The number of vortices (all scales) increases by a factor of four and the swirl-strength by about 50% simply by turning on the inflow pulsation. Furthermore, the vortices are well balanced in terms of their rotational direction, which is validated by the symmetric Probability Density Functions of vortex circulation (Γ) around Γ= 0. There are two dominating vortex length scales in the flow, namely 0.6 and 0.8 inlet diameters and the spectrum of vortex diameters become broader by turning on the inflow pulsation. We conclude that the positive effect for enhanced mixing by increasing the flow rate can equally be accomplished by applying a pulsating inflow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 44, p. 108-119
Keywords [en]
Pulsating flow, Room ventilation, Vortex statistics, Wall-jet instability, Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, Roll-up of vortices
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-82964DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2013.05.004ISI: 000329594600009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84888432075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-82964DiVA, id: diva2:1438692
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilGöran Gustafsson Foundation for promotion of scientific research at Uppala University and Royal Institute of TechnologyUniversity of Gävle
Note

QC 20140122

Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2020-06-11 Last updated: 2021-04-13Bibliographically approved

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Sattari, AmirFransson, Jens H. M.

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