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Dance intervention for adolescent girls: Effects on daytime tiredness, alertness and school satisfaction. A randomized controlled trial
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2411-1795
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1440-9961
University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
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2021 (English)In: Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, ISSN 1360-8592, E-ISSN 1532-9283, Vol. 26, p. 505-514Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Daytime tiredness is a risk factor for poor health and well-being in the short and long term and is often associated with sleep problems, stress-related mental health complaints and decreased school functioning. This study investigates the effect of an 8 month dance intervention study on daytime tiredness, alertness, sleep duration, sleep quality and school satisfaction.

Methods: Randomized controlled intervention study that included a total of 112 girls aged 13-18 years old with stress-related mental health problems. Dance intervention with focus on enjoyment were performed semiweekly for 8 months. Questionnaire-based measurements regarding self-reported daytime tiredness, alertness, school satisfaction, sleep duration and quality were evaluated at baseline and at 8-, 12- and 20- month follow-ups.

Results: Daytime tiredness decreased significantly in the dance group compared to control group at all follow-ups. Alertness increased significant within the dance group, but there were no significant difference compared to the controls. Significant improvements were found in all sleep quality items within the dance group, between groups only one significant result was found. No conclusive changes in sleep duration were observed. School satisfaction increased significantly in the dance intervention group; however, its significance compared to that of the control group faded after adjustment for differences between groups at baseline.

Conclusions: This study suggests that a dance intervention focusing on enjoyment can be effective in decreasing daytime tiredness. This study also adds to the growing body of evidence for the benefits of using nonpharmacological interventions to decrease stress-related problems among adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 26, p. 505-514
Keywords [en]
Adolescence, Alertness, Dance intervention, Nonpharmacological, Tiredness
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-88636DOI: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2020.09.001ISI: 000652679200017PubMedID: 33992289Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85101400065OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-88636DiVA, id: diva2:1519333
Note

Funding Agency:

Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden 

Available from: 2021-01-18 Created: 2021-01-18 Last updated: 2021-06-08Bibliographically approved

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Sandberg, ElinMöller, MargaretaSärnblad, StefanDuberg, Anna

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Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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