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Why Do Immigrant and Swedish Adolescents Engage in Ethnic Victimization? Common and Distinct Underlying Factors
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Lifespan Development Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4568-2722
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Lifespan Development Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4211-0120
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Lifespan Development Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7009-5955
2021 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 50, no 11, p. 2236-2248Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Youth of immigrant background are at risk of experiencing victimization due to their ethnic or cultural background. However, limited knowledge is available regarding why youth victimize their immigrant peers, and whether the factors associated with engagement in ethnic victimization vary across adolescents of different background. To address this gap in knowledge, the present study aimed to elucidate the common or differential factors associated with engagement in ethnic victimization among immigrant and native youth. The analytical sample included seventh grade students residing in Sweden from 55 classrooms (N = 963, Mage = 13.11, SD = 0.41; 46% girls; 38% youth of immigrant background). The results showed that being morally disengaged and engaging in general victimization are the common denominators of engagement in ethnic victimization for immigrant and Swedish youth. Low levels of positive attitudes toward immigrants provide a foundation for ethnic victimization among Swedish youth, but not youth of immigrant background. Classroom ethnic composition was not significantly related to engagement in ethnic victimization in either group. Predictors of engagement in ethnic victimization seem to have similarities and differences among immigrant and Swedish youth. The factors involved require further attention in developing strategies to combat bias-based hostile behaviors in diverse school settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Plenum Publishing, 2021. Vol. 50, no 11, p. 2236-2248
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-93824DOI: 10.1007/s10964-021-01485-1ISI: 000686999900001PubMedID: 34417965Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85113148980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-93824DiVA, id: diva2:1586843
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01057
Note

Funding agency:

Örebro University

Available from: 2021-08-23 Created: 2021-08-23 Last updated: 2022-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Bayram Özdemir, SevgiGiles, CloverÖzdemir, Metin

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