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Predictors for Abstinence in Socially Stable Women Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
Psychology, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3227-2487
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5030-6353
2022 (English)In: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, ISSN 0734-7324, E-ISSN 1544-4538, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 244-257Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a knowledge gap about predictors of treatment outcomes in alcohol use disorder (AUD) in socially stable women. This study examined factors that may predict abstinence 12 months after the end of treatment for AUD in socially stable women. Fifty-seven women with AUD participated in 12-month follow-up. Information about sociodemographic, alcohol-related, psychiatric symptoms, psychological functioning, and participants' treatment goals and ability to change alcohol habits were gathered from structured interviews and self-report instruments. Predictors for abstinence at the 12-month follow up were calculated by univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. Significant predictors for abstinence were having no history of childhood abuse (OR: 8.13; 95%CI: 2.22-29.75; p < .01) and a goal of abstinence at the end of treatment (OR: 15.17; 95%CI: 3.45-66.69; p < .001). Most participants (>60%) achieved their goals of abstinence or low-risk drinking. The results highlight the significance of identifying patients with experiences of childhood abuse, since such experiences may adversely affect the outcome of AUD treatment. Our findings also emphasize the importance of patients' own goals of abstinence, since it resulted in the most stable outcome. Treatment could, therefore, also focus on motivating individuals to aim for abstinence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022. Vol. 40, no 2, p. 244-257
Keywords [en]
Alcohol use disorder, treatment, 12-months follow up, childhood abuse, goal of abstinence, well-adjusted women
National Category
Substance Abuse
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-96494DOI: 10.1080/07347324.2021.2018957ISI: 000740609800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85122706482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-96494DiVA, id: diva2:1629117
Available from: 2022-01-17 Created: 2022-01-17 Last updated: 2022-04-22Bibliographically approved

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Schückher, FidesEngström, IngemarSellin, Tabita

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