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Validation of the French Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version in a general population sample of emerging adults in France
Institut de Sciences Criminelles et de la Justice (ISCJ), University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; Department of Psychology, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
Institut de Sciences Criminelles et de la Justice (ISCJ), University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; Department of Psychology, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
Department of Special Needs Education, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
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2024 (English)In: Psychologie Francaise, ISSN 0033-2984, E-ISSN 1873-7277, Vol. 69, no 1, p. 67-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is one of the most commonly used scales for measuring psychopathic traits from childhood to adulthood.

Objective: The aim of the current research was to scrutinize the psychometric properties of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version (YPI-S) translated into French.

Method: The factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of YPI-S scores were examined in a sample of 757 emerging adults from the general population in France (aged 18–20 years; 54.43% women).

Results: Results of confirmatory factor analyses support the proposed 3-factor structure (observed in children and adolescents) among both men and women. The YPI-S total score and the 3 factor (Grandiose-Manipulative, Callous-Unemotional, and Impulsive-Irresponsible) scores were internally consistent. Correlations with external criterion variables of interest, including the Dark Triad construct and its components (psychopathy, machiavellianism and narcissism), reactive and proactive aggression, and delinquency, support the convergent validity of the interpretation of YPI-S scores. Finally, findings also suggest that YPI-S works consistently for both men and women.

Conclusion: In addition to demonstrating the psychometric qualities of the French version of the YPI-S, this research provides further evidences for the value of this brief and time-effective self-report instrument in the study of psychopathic traits across different developmental phases, and especially during the transition to adulthood. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024. Vol. 69, no 1, p. 67-83
Keywords [en]
Psychopathic traits, YPI-S, Psychometric, Emerging adults, Gender, Callous-unemotional, Traits psychopathiques, Propriétés psychométriques, Jeunes adultes, Genre, Traits Callous-unemotional
National Category
Psychiatry Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-99606DOI: 10.1016/j.psfr.2022.04.004ISI: 001203016700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85131432793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-99606DiVA, id: diva2:1669857
Available from: 2022-06-15 Created: 2022-06-15 Last updated: 2024-04-30Bibliographically approved

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Andershed, Henrik

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