To Örebro University

oru.seÖrebro University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A population-based study of unintentional injury and premature death among non-imprisoned and imprisoned youth offenders
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7231-4293
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9375-6303
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1704-9543
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4811-2330
Show others and affiliations
2023 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 84, article id 102009Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Youth offenders have a high risk of being injured or dying prematurely. However, few studies have considered the role of imprisonment and potential childhood risk factors for these high rates.

Aim: To examine the risk of unintentional injury and premature death in non-imprisoned and imprisoned youth offenders, and to examine the role of parental criminal convictions and psychiatric disorders and own childhood psychiatric disorders.

Methods: All individuals (N = 1,839,711) born in Sweden between 1978 and 1996 were identified using Swedish population-based registers. The exposure was criminal conviction between ages 15-20 years of age.

Results: Imprisoned youth offenders had the highest risk for unintentional injury (HR = 2.29 [2.19-2.40]) and premature death (HR = 10.76 [9.52-12.16]), followed by nonimprisoned youth offenders, compared to non -convicted youth. All childhood risk factors increased the risk for these outcomes among non-imprisoned youth offenders. Among imprisoned youth offenders, parental criminal convictions and parental psychiatric disorders increased the risk for unintentional injury, and parental psychiatric disorders and own childhood psychiatric disorders increased the risk for premature death.

Conclusions: Our study shows there are robust modifiable childhood risk factors for injury and mortality among youth offenders. However, the importance of them to assess risk may differ between non-imprisoned and imprisoned youth offenders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 84, article id 102009
Keywords [en]
Youth offenders, Imprisonment, Unintentional injuries, Premature death, Psychiatric disorders, Family history, Risk factors
National Category
Psychiatry Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-102913DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2022.102009ISI: 000893157900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85143781463OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-102913DiVA, id: diva2:1724100
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2018-01041Swedish Research Council, 2021–02105Available from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2024-03-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The role of psychiatric diagnoses among youth offenders: An investigation of crime and later adverse outcomes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of psychiatric diagnoses among youth offenders: An investigation of crime and later adverse outcomes
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is a strong tradition in criminological research to uncover risk factors for crime in youth and, more recently, to examine risk factors for subsequent adverse outcomes among youth offenders. This knowledge serves not only for crime prevention but also to mitigate future harm resulting from youth crime. Psychiatric diagnoses are recognized as important risk factors for youth crime, yet questions persist regarding their extent and nature of association with crime and later adverse outcomes in youth offenders.

In this dissertation, the overarching aim was to expand the knowledge about the role of psychiatric diagnoses in the risk of crime in youth and later injuries, mortality, and reoffending among youth offenders. Study I examined the association between psychiatric diagnoses, including comorbidities, and risk of criminal conviction in youth. Study II examined the association between psychiatric diagnoses and risk of unintentional injuries and premature death among non-imprisoned and imprisoned youth offenders. Lastly, study III examined the role of psychiatric diagnoses in the association between violent victimization and reoffending among youth offenders.

The overall findings of the present dissertation suggest that psychiatric diagnoses are important risk factors for crime in youth and later adverse outcomes, but their significance and magnitude vary depending on type of diagnosis, presence of comorbidities, type of crime committed, sex, crime history, and presence of other important risk factors such as violent victimization. This dissertation highlights the heterogeneity in risk patterns among youth offenders, which is highly important to consider in both risk assessments and prevention strategies to better target youth at risk of these outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2024. p. 165
Series
Örebro Studies in Criminology ; 3
Keywords
Crime, Psychiatric Diagnoses, Comorbidities, Youth Offenders, Violent Victimization, Family History, Reoffending, Unintentional Injuries, Premature Death
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-111803 (URN)9789175295473 (ISBN)9789175295480 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-04-05, Örebro universitet, Långhuset, Hörsal L2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-02-21 Created: 2024-02-21 Last updated: 2024-03-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records

Siponen, RebeccaAndersson, AnneliOskarsson, SofiGarcia-Argibay, MiguelLarsson, HenrikEvans, BrittanyTuvblad, Catherine

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Siponen, RebeccaAndersson, AnneliOskarsson, SofiGarcia-Argibay, MiguelBeckley, Amber L.Långström, NiklasFazel, SeenaLarsson, HenrikEvans, BrittanyTuvblad, Catherine
By organisation
School of Law, Psychology and Social WorkSchool of Medical Sciences
In the same journal
Journal of criminal justice
PsychiatryPsychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 301 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf