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Gut Health and Its Association with Wellbeing and Nutrient Intake in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5990-0009
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Division of Inflammation and Infection, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7678-5954
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2921-7508
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3887-9519
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2022 (English)In: Gastroenterology Insights, ISSN 2036-7414, E-ISSN 2036-7422, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 349-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many of the increasing number of community-dwelling older adults will need increased healthcare in the future. By characterising gut health and its association with wellbeing and nutrient intake in this population, we aim to recognise areas along the gut-brain axis through which the health of community-dwelling older adults might be promoted. In this cross-sectional observational study, validated questionnaires were used to assess gut health, nutrient intake, and wellbeing in 241 community-dwelling older adults (>= 65 years old). In total, 65% of the participants experienced at least one gastrointestinal symptom, of which females had more abdominal pain and constipation, while the oldest old (i.e., >= 80 years old) had more diarrhoea. Increased gastrointestinal symptoms correlated with more stress, anxiety, depression, and a decreased quality of life, in addition to dyspepsia which correlated with a lower E% of protein. Most of the participants did not reach the recommended intake for protein, fibre and polyunsaturated fats. Males had a lower intake of protein (E%) and fibre (g/MJ) than females, and the oldest old had a lower E% of protein than younger older adults. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that gastrointestinal symptoms are common, and most of the study participants had an imbalanced macronutrient intake, which could be a target for future possible dietary interventions to improve overall health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2022. Vol. 13, no 4, p. 349-364
Keywords [en]
gastrointestinal symptoms, elderly, dietary intake, general health
National Category
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-103229DOI: 10.3390/gastroent13040035ISI: 000902519200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85144691540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-103229DiVA, id: diva2:1728780
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20110225
Note

Funding agencies:

Bo Rydins stiftelse F0514

Faculty of Medicine and Health at Örebro University

Available from: 2023-01-19 Created: 2023-01-19 Last updated: 2023-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Fart, FridaTingö, LinaEngelheart, StinaLindqvist, Carl MårtenBrummer, Robert J.Kihlgren, AnnicaSchoultz, Ida

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Fart, FridaTingö, LinaEngelheart, StinaLindqvist, Carl MårtenBrummer, Robert J.Kihlgren, AnnicaSchoultz, Ida
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School of Medical SciencesÖrebro University HospitalSchool of Health Sciences
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