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Fearlessness as an Underlying Mechanism Leading to Conduct Problems: Testing the Intermediate Effects of Parenting, Anxiety, and callous-unemotional Traits
Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia, CY, 1678, Cyprus.
University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
2023 (English)In: Research on child and adolescent psychopathology, ISSN 2730-7166, Vol. 51, no 8, p. 1115-1128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates whether the longitudinal association between fearlessness and conduct problems (CP) is mediated by warm and harsh parenting, parent-child conflict, anxiety, and callous-unemotional (CU) traits. The constructs under investigation were assessed at five different time points, spanning a period of eight years. A multi-informant approach was followed, collecting data from parents and teachers (N = 2,121; 47% girls). The structural equation model pointed to both direct and indirect pathways between fearlessness and CP. Specifically, findings suggested that Time 1 fearlessness (age 3-5 years) increased the likelihood of Time 2 (age 4-6 years) harsh parenting and Time 3 (age 5-7 years) parent-child conflict. Further, fearlessness was positively associated with Time 4 (age 8-10) callous-unemotional traits and Time 5 (age 11-13) CP. The total indirect effect from fearlessness to CP through these variables was significant, although the specific indirect effect from fearlessness to CU traits to CP accounted for most of the variance. Warm parenting and anxiety did not mediate the association between fearlessness and CP. In addition to the identified pathways connecting fearlessness to CP, findings pointed to the existence of multiple developmental pathways to future CP, as well as gender differences in longitudinal associations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023. Vol. 51, no 8, p. 1115-1128
Keywords [en]
Callous unemotional traits, Conduct problems, Fearlessness, Parent-child conflict, Parenting
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-105973DOI: 10.1007/s10802-023-01076-7ISI: 000988420800001PubMedID: 37191864Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85159467534OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-105973DiVA, id: diva2:1757570
Available from: 2023-05-17 Created: 2023-05-17 Last updated: 2023-11-16Bibliographically approved

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Andershed, Henrik

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