To Örebro University

oru.seÖrebro University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Psychiatric diagnoses and criminal convictions in youth: A population-based study of comorbidities of diagnoses
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7231-4293
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9375-6303
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1704-9543
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1219-3121
Show others and affiliations
2023 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 88, article id 102114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Psychiatric diagnoses are important risk factors for criminal convictions, but few longitudinal studies have examined comorbidity patterns in relation to youth criminal convictions.

Aim: To explore associations between specific psychiatric diagnoses (substance use disorder (SUD), ADHD, depression, PTSD, intellectual disabilities (ID), and autism spectrum disorders (ASD)) and comorbidities of internalizing, externalizing, or neurodevelopmental diagnoses (NDD) in relation to risk of non-violent or violent criminal convictions in youth, including potential sex differences.

Methods: Data on 1,411,538 individuals born in Sweden (1985–1998) were obtained from national population-based registers. Exposure was psychiatric diagnoses and outcome was criminal convictions between ages 15 and 20.

Results: 17% of individuals had a psychiatric diagnosis, of whom 20% were convicted of a crime. All diagnoses, except ID and ASD, increased the risk of non-violent and violent crimes. Comorbidities of externalizing and internalizing diagnoses heightened the risk compared to single diagnoses. NDD increased the risk among SUD, depression, and PTSD, while NDD comorbid with another NDD decreased the risk for criminal convictions.

Conclusion: Of the three comorbidity categories, externalizing disorders heightened risk the most, followed by internalizing disorders. This study highlights specific risk patterns for criminal convictions related to comorbidities, and to crime type and sex.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 88, article id 102114
Keywords [en]
Psychiatric diagnoses, Comorbidities of diagnoses, Criminal convictions in youth, Substance use disorders, Sex differences, Youth offenders
National Category
Law and Society Psychiatry
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-108354DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2023.102114ISI: 001081514900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85171774297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-108354DiVA, id: diva2:1798220
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2021–02105 2018–01041Available from: 2023-09-18 Created: 2023-09-18 Last updated: 2024-03-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The role of psychiatric diagnoses among youth offenders: An investigation of crime and later adverse outcomes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of psychiatric diagnoses among youth offenders: An investigation of crime and later adverse outcomes
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is a strong tradition in criminological research to uncover risk factors for crime in youth and, more recently, to examine risk factors for subsequent adverse outcomes among youth offenders. This knowledge serves not only for crime prevention but also to mitigate future harm resulting from youth crime. Psychiatric diagnoses are recognized as important risk factors for youth crime, yet questions persist regarding their extent and nature of association with crime and later adverse outcomes in youth offenders.

In this dissertation, the overarching aim was to expand the knowledge about the role of psychiatric diagnoses in the risk of crime in youth and later injuries, mortality, and reoffending among youth offenders. Study I examined the association between psychiatric diagnoses, including comorbidities, and risk of criminal conviction in youth. Study II examined the association between psychiatric diagnoses and risk of unintentional injuries and premature death among non-imprisoned and imprisoned youth offenders. Lastly, study III examined the role of psychiatric diagnoses in the association between violent victimization and reoffending among youth offenders.

The overall findings of the present dissertation suggest that psychiatric diagnoses are important risk factors for crime in youth and later adverse outcomes, but their significance and magnitude vary depending on type of diagnosis, presence of comorbidities, type of crime committed, sex, crime history, and presence of other important risk factors such as violent victimization. This dissertation highlights the heterogeneity in risk patterns among youth offenders, which is highly important to consider in both risk assessments and prevention strategies to better target youth at risk of these outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2024. p. 165
Series
Örebro Studies in Criminology ; 3
Keywords
Crime, Psychiatric Diagnoses, Comorbidities, Youth Offenders, Violent Victimization, Family History, Reoffending, Unintentional Injuries, Premature Death
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-111803 (URN)9789175295473 (ISBN)9789175295480 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-04-05, Örebro universitet, Långhuset, Hörsal L2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-02-21 Created: 2024-02-21 Last updated: 2024-03-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records

Siponen, RebeccaAndersson, AnneliOskarsson, SofiÅngström, Anna-KarinLarsson, HenrikEvans, BrittanyTuvblad, Catherine

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Siponen, RebeccaAndersson, AnneliOskarsson, SofiÅngström, Anna-KarinBeckley, Amber L.Fazel, SeenaLarsson, HenrikEvans, BrittanyTuvblad, Catherine
By organisation
School of Behavioural, Social and Legal SciencesSchool of Medical Sciences
In the same journal
Journal of criminal justice
Law and SocietyPsychiatry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 335 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf