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Enhancement of microvessel tortuosity in the vastus lateralis muscle of old men in response to endurance training
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. (RISPA- MEP-RG)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9831-0896
Vise andre og tillknytning
2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Physiology, ISSN 0022-3751, E-ISSN 1469-7793, Vol. 554, nr Pt 2, s. 559-569Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Muscle microvascularization is usually quantified in transverse sections, in absolute terms (capillaries around fibres, CAF, or capillary-to-fibre ratio, C/F) or as CAF related to fibre area (CAF/area, CAFA). The capillary-to-fibre perimeter exchange ratio (CFPE) has been introduced in order to assess the role of the capillary-to-fibre interface in resistance to O(2) diffusion. The ratio between the length of capillaries in contact with fibres and fibre perimeter (LC/PF) has also been used as an index for capillary tortuosity. The possibility of change in capillary tortuosity with endurance training was not considered in previous studies. Consequently, this study investigated the effect of 14 weeks of endurance training on muscle microvascularization, including microvessel tortuosity, in 11 elderly men (8th decade). Microvessels were analysed using the CD31 antibody. Together with the significant increase in peak oxygen exchange and citrate synthase activity, there was a significant increase in C/F. While CFPE and CAFA remained unchanged, an important finding was the clear increase in LC/PF (56%; P < 0.001) for a same sarcomere length. We also found a strong correlation between oxidative enzyme activity and LC/PF both before and after training. These results indicate that endurance training induces significant remodelling in the microvessel network in elderly men and that an increase in the degree of microvessel tortuosity would be an important mechanism of adaptation to endurance training.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2004. Vol. 554, nr Pt 2, s. 559-569
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Idrottsvetenskap; Fysiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6281DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2003.046953PubMedID: 14578492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-6281DiVA, id: diva2:211711
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-04-17 Laget: 2009-04-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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