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Made in conflict: local residents' construction of a local environmental problem
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1495-8346
2011 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 16, no 7, p. 655-670Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to understand how local residents participate in the construction of local environmental problems and to evaluate a particular analytical approach in environmental sociology to study this phenomenon. The paper is based on an interview study with a sample of local residents. The analysis demonstrates how the local residents attempt to construct a local environmental problem. In particular, the study focuses on how involved actors are positioned, how different sorts of knowledge claims are used, and how the neglect the residents perceive from the authorities affects the attempt to construct a local environmental problem. The study shows that the local residents play a central role in the construction of the situation and that the evaluated model could be very helpful as an analytical tool in the investigation of local residents' participation in the construction of environmental problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 16, no 7, p. 655-670
Keywords [en]
environmental problem, environmental knowledge, local residents, social constructionism, narrative, pine processionary moth
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-16483DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2011.589431OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-16483DiVA, id: diva2:433297
Available from: 2011-08-09 Created: 2011-08-09 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The importance of trust.: a study of knowledge production of biodiversity.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of trust.: a study of knowledge production of biodiversity.
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The loss of biological diversity is one of today’s greatest environmental problems. Scientific knowledge is typically presented as the premise to solve this problem. However, science alone is not sufficient to produce knowledge of biodiversity. Other actors are also involved in knowledge production. The aim of this thesis is to analyse how different actors create knowledge of the environmental problem of biodiversity loss and to further investigate the importance of trust in the relationships between these knowledge producers.

This thesis uses a discourse analytical perspective and conducts interviews and document studies to explore how actors use different narratives to legitimate their knowledge production. Through four papers addressing different aspects of knowledge production, this thesis discusses conditions for knowledge production, particularly the importance of trust.

The results show that actors other than scientific experts also have the ability to act in knowledgeable ways and to be involved in knowledge production of biodiversity. Knowledge is produced by making use of many different dimensions and aspects, such as global, regional, local, and science, politics, and everyday life. The result also shows how trust, distrust, and as-if trust are key activities in knowledge production of environmental problems, such as the loss of biodiversity.

This thesis argues that the actors involved need to realise and acknowledge that knowledge production is a mutual process in which actors must engage in trust and distrust activities. In so doing, it will be possible to understand the complexity of the loss of biodiversity and thus to better manage this problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2013. p. 94
Series
Örebro Studies in Sociology, ISSN 1650-2531 ; 16
Keywords
trust, knowledge, biological diversity, biodiversity, environmental problems, discourse analysis, Mode-1/Mode-2, SSK, STS
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32291 (URN)978-91-7668-969-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-11-08, Örebro, 21:09 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-09 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Karin

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