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An exploratory study of health professionals' attitudes about robotic telepresence technology
Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik. (AASS)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4368-4751
Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik. (AASS)
Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik. (AASS)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3122-693X
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of technology in human services, ISSN 1522-8835, E-ISSN 1522-8991, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 263-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents the results from a video-based evaluation study of a social robotic telepresence solution for elderly. The evaluated system is a mobile teleoperated robot called Giraff that allows caregivers to virtually enter a home and conduct a natural visit just as if they were physically there. The evaluation focuses on the perspectives from primary healthcare organizations and collects the feedback from different categories of health professionals. The evaluation included 150 participants and yielded unexpected results with respect to the acceptance of the Giraff system. In particular, greater exposure to technology did not necessarily increase acceptance and large variances occurred between the categories of health professionals. In addition to outlining the results, this study provides a number of indications with respect to increasing acceptance for technology for elderly.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2011. Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 263-283
Emneord [en]
Evaluation, human-robot interaction, organizational perspective
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23315DOI: 10.1080/15228835.2011.639509Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84859363579OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-23315DiVA, id: diva2:531864
Merknad

The final version of this article can be read at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/15228835.2011.639509

Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-11-08 Laget: 2012-06-08 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence systems using presence, spatial formations  and sociometry
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Measuring the quality of interaction in mobile robotic telepresence systems using presence, spatial formations  and sociometry
2013 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

A mobile robotic telepresence (MRP) system is characterized by a video conferencing system which is mounted on a mobile robotic base. The system allows remote pilot users to move the robot around while communicating with local users situated in the robot’s environment. One of the most promising application areas for MRP systems is to deploy them in homes of elderly who are in frequent contact with health care professionals and/or alarm operators. Using MRP systems, elderly can get in immediate contact with these services even without leaving their homes. However, this poses some challenges for the health care professionals and alarm operators. The alarm operators traditionally communicate with their clients using the telephone while the health care professionals see their patients face-to-face with little interference of computer applications. The encounters between health care professionals and patients typically take place at clinics. Neither the health care professionals nor the alarm operators visit the elderly in person. Accordingly, they have no knowledge about the layout of the homes or where the elderly may reside. Thus, the social communication between them and the elderly via MRP systems is more complex than their traditional interaction with elderly.

This compilation thesis makes a contribution towards understanding how interaction is affected by MRP system embodiment. The work focuses on measuring quality of interaction in MRP systems deployed in domestic settings in elder care. The thesis proposes a set of useful tools for measuring interaction quality. These tools are presence, spatial formations and sociometry. They were selected based on their ability to capture important characteristics for communication via MRP systems, e.g. social communication and mobility, and have been evaluated in experiments with real end-users, that is with alarm operators, health care professionals and elderly. The tools used to conduct the experimental evaluations of MRP systems include video-based evaluations, driving sessions and retrospective interviews. These methods were carefully chosen and take into consideration the organizational background of the participants involved and the challenge of conducting experiments with the aforementioned groups of users.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. s. 111
Serie
Örebro Studies in Technology, ISSN 1650-8580 ; 56
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Informationsteknologi; Datavetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29088 (URN)978-91-7668-942-4 (ISBN)
Disputas
2013-09-12, Hörsal T, Teknikhuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (svensk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-05-21 Laget: 2013-05-21 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert

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