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Xenophobia and tolerance toward immigrants in adolescence: cross-influence processes within friendships
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0185-8805
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3504-9037
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7546-2275
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, ISSN 0091-0627, E-ISSN 1573-2835, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 627-639Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

To what extent do adolescents and their friends socialize each others' attitudes toward immigrants? Can friends' positive attitudes toward immigrants counter adolescents' negative attitudes toward immigrants, and do friends' negative attitudes decrease adolescents' positive attitudes? These questions were examined by following a large (N = 1,472) friendship network of adolescents (49.2 % girls; M (age) = 13.31 at first measurement) across three annual measurements. Selection and influence processes regarding tolerance and xenophobia were distinguished with longitudinal social network analyses, controlling for effects of age, gender, and immigrant background. Findings showed that friends' tolerance predicted increases in adolescents' tolerance and friends' xenophobia predicted increases in adolescents' xenophobia. Moreover, friends' tolerance predicted a lower likelihood of adolescents' xenophobia increasing. The current results suggest that interventions should distinguish between tolerance and xenophobia, as these appear to represent two separate dimensions that are each influenced in specific ways by friends' tolerance and xenophobia.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 627-639
Emneord [en]
Xenophobia, Tolerance, Friendship influence, Friendship selection, Immigrants
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29604DOI: 10.1007/s10802-012-9694-8ISI: 000318368900010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29604DiVA, id: diva2:629571
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-06-17 Laget: 2013-06-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert

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van Zalk, MaartenKerr, Margaretvan Zalk, NejraStattin, Håkan

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