oru.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Role of socio-cultural factors on changes in fitness and adiposity in youth: A 6-year follow-up study
Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; University of Granade, Granada, Spain.
University of the Basque Country, Vitoria, Spain; Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1067-8627
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: NMCD. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, ISSN 0939-4753, E-ISSN 1590-3729, Vol. 23, nr 9, s. 883-890Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Optimal cardio-respiratory fitness and adiposity levels are tightly related to health in youth. We analysed changes in fitness and adiposity in young individuals from two countries, and examined the role of maternal education in these changes.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A 6-year follow-up study was conducted on 483 Estonian children (9 years) and 466 Swedish children (9-10 years) and adolescents (15 years). Fitness was assessed by a maximal bike test, and total and central adiposity were indirectly estimated by skinfolds (Slaughter's equation for fat mass) and waist circumference. At follow-up, fitness and adiposity had increased in the children cohort (P ≤ 0.001), while small or no change occurred in the adolescent cohort. In the children cohort, Estonian participants had a lower increase in fitness and a higher increase in adiposity (total and central) than Swedish participants. Higher maternal education increased the odds of remaining fit (top quartile) by half and reduced the risk of remaining fat (top quartile) by half; odds ratios = 1.56 (1.00-2.43), 0.50 (0.32-0.77) and 0.61 (0.39-0.94) for fitness, total and central adiposity, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the socioeconomic situation of a country might influence key cardiovascular risk factors (fitness and adiposity), being at higher risk for a low-middle income country (Estonia) than a higher income country (Sweden). The findings stress the role of socioeconomic status, particularly maternal education, in the maintenance of healthy fitness and adiposity levels from childhood into later life. Preventive efforts have to be taken from early age.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 23, nr 9, s. 883-890
Emneord [en]
Physical fitness, Adiposity, Children, Adolescents, Follow-up
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Medicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32162DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.05.008ISI: 000324538200013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-32162DiVA, id: diva2:663679
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-11-12 Laget: 2013-10-28 Sist oppdatert: 2018-05-21bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltekst mangler i DiVA

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekst

Personposter BETA

Hurtig-Wennlof, Anita

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Hurtig-Wennlof, Anita
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
NMCD. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 453 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf