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Hearing of 75-year old persons over three decades: Has hearing changed?
Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6557-6359
Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 52, no 11, p. 731-739Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The state of hearing in 75-year old persons was measured in a population based epidemiological study with the aim of studying if hearing had changed during a time span of 29 years. Design: An epidemiological study of generational effects in three age cohorts. Study sample: Three age cohorts were included: cohort 1 (n: 267) born in 1976-77, cohort 4 (n: 197) in 1990-91, and cohort 6 (n: 570) in 2005. The same test procedures using pure-tone audiometry and a short questionnaire were applied to the three cohorts of 75-year old residents in the same city. Results: The hearing was essentially unchanged during the span of the investigation-almost three decades. Low-frequency hearing was up to about 10 dB poorer in the most recently studied cohort compared to the previously studied cohorts. The reason for this difference is considered to depend on methodological factors. Self-assessed hearing and tinnitus was mainly unchanged, or had minor changes both to the better and to the worse. Conclusions: The hearing, both measured with pure-tone audiometry and with a short questionnaire, of 75-year old persons has not changed at all, or only marginally, over three decades.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 52, no 11, p. 731-739
Keywords [en]
Age-related hearing loss (ARHL), epidemiology, cohort, generational study
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32357DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2013.808381ISI: 000325521000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-32357DiVA, id: diva2:664973
Note

Funding agency: Tysta Skolan foundation; Acta Otolaryngologica foundation

Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-12 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Möller, Claes

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