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Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities
Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden; Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Swedish Institute for Disability Research. (The Swedish Institute for Disability Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2690-6989
Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: More knowledge is needed of occupational attainment of persons with disabilities, i.e. the relationship between their educational level and their profession, and factors of importance for this relationship.

OBJECTIVE: To compare occupational attainment among persons with and without a disability.

METHOD: 3396 informants with disabilities and 19004 non-disabled informants participated (control group) in a survey study by Statistics Sweden. The informants with disabilities were divided into six groups.

RESULTS: Occupational attainment did not differ between the disability groups, neither between persons with and without a disability. Follow-up analysis showed that men with disabilities with primary or secondary school had an occupation above their educational level to a significantly larger extent than women with disabilities. This pattern was even clearer in comparison with the control group. Persons without disabilities, with secondary or higher education, were more successful in the labor market than persons with disabilities. Occupational attainment increased with age in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Young women with disabilities who only have primary or secondary education run a higher risk of having a job that is below their educational level than men at the same educational level. This indicates discriminating mechanisms in the society related to gender and ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press, 2014. Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204
Keywords [en]
Discrimination, occupational attainment, educational level, self-estimated work ability
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39248DOI: 10.3233/WOR-131718ISI: 000344347900004PubMedID: 24004782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39248DiVA, id: diva2:767757
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Situation på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Situation på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
2019 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how the labour market situation appears to persons with different types of disabilities in Sweden. Study I (n=4 359) examined the importance of the person’s type of disability for the possibility of having a job. Study II (n=3 396) examined whether there were differences in occupational attainment between persons with different types of disabilities and between persons with and without a disability (n=19 004). Study III (n=4 359) examined perceived discrimination in the workplace among persons with different types of disabilities. Study IV (n=2 268) examined whatsupport and adaptation persons with different types of disabilities need in their actual workplace or to enter the labour market. In studies I–III the respondents were divided into six disability types, and in study IV the respondents were divided into four disability types.

Overall, it can be concluded that a person’s type of disability is of importance for the situation in the labour market, where persons with psychological disabilities encounter barriers to a greater extent than other groups, both difficulties at the present workplace and difficulties entering the labour market. Further, they were subjected to discrimination and they expressed a great need for adaptations to acquire employment and at their actual workplace. It can also be concluded that there are discriminatory mechanisms against women, who have more difficulties than men in acquiring employment, and that men, despite lower education, can more easily progress in the labour market. It is suggested that, in order to achieve inclusion and recognition, factors in the environment, such as existing support systems, need to be changed and developed, and social prejudices vis-à-vis people with disabilities must also be addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 93
Series
Studies from The Swedish Institute for Disability Research, ISSN 1650-1128 ; 96
Keywords
Type of disability, disabilities, employment, occupational attainment, discrimination, support and adaptation, excluding processes, inclusion
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76149 (URN)978-91-7529-302-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-11-15, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal P1, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved

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Danermark, Berth

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