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Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability
Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden; Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Swedish Institute for Disability Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2690-6989
Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The employment status of groups with different disabilities was analysed as were potentially important moderating factors (work ability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analysis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities from Statistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondents were divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing, communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psychological disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logistic regression analyses showed that the probability of being employed was highest among respondents with hearing disabilities and respondents with psychological disabilities were least likely to be employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with only primary education and with partially or very impaired work ability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education did not increase employment opportunities for respondents with impaired workability. In summary, the type of disability is essential for employment opportunities, and differences between disability groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. The moderating factors studied were found to be of equal importance in all groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129
Keywords [en]
Type of disability, Employment, Self-estimated work ability, Education level
National Category
General Practice
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47084DOI: 10.1016/j.alter.2014.11.003ISI: 000365124200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928769973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47084DiVA, id: diva2:882538
Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Situation på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Situation på den svenska arbetsmarknaden för personer med funktionsnedsättning: en sekundäranalys om sysselsättning, yrkesnivå, stöd och anpassning för personer med olika typer av funktionsnedsättning
2019 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how the labour market situation appears to persons with different types of disabilities in Sweden. Study I (n=4 359) examined the importance of the person’s type of disability for the possibility of having a job. Study II (n=3 396) examined whether there were differences in occupational attainment between persons with different types of disabilities and between persons with and without a disability (n=19 004). Study III (n=4 359) examined perceived discrimination in the workplace among persons with different types of disabilities. Study IV (n=2 268) examined whatsupport and adaptation persons with different types of disabilities need in their actual workplace or to enter the labour market. In studies I–III the respondents were divided into six disability types, and in study IV the respondents were divided into four disability types.

Overall, it can be concluded that a person’s type of disability is of importance for the situation in the labour market, where persons with psychological disabilities encounter barriers to a greater extent than other groups, both difficulties at the present workplace and difficulties entering the labour market. Further, they were subjected to discrimination and they expressed a great need for adaptations to acquire employment and at their actual workplace. It can also be concluded that there are discriminatory mechanisms against women, who have more difficulties than men in acquiring employment, and that men, despite lower education, can more easily progress in the labour market. It is suggested that, in order to achieve inclusion and recognition, factors in the environment, such as existing support systems, need to be changed and developed, and social prejudices vis-à-vis people with disabilities must also be addressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 93
Series
Studies from The Swedish Institute for Disability Research, ISSN 1650-1128 ; 96
Keywords
Type of disability, disabilities, employment, occupational attainment, discrimination, support and adaptation, excluding processes, inclusion
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76149 (URN)978-91-7529-302-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-11-15, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal P1, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved

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