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Economic status as a determinant of national PCDD/PCDF releases and implications for PCDD/PCDF reduction
POPs Research Center, School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
Chemicals Branch, UNEP/DTIE, Châtelaine GE, Switzerland.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1496-9245
POPs Research Center, School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
POPs Research Center, School of Environment, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 91, nr 3, s. 328-335Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
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Abstract [en]

The annual releases of polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) from 68 countries/regions were investigated by correlating quantitative emissions with economic status of the nations. The national dioxin/furan inventories were developed using the PCDD/PCDF Standardized Toolldt, which presents the quantitative releases from ten major source groups to five release vectors. The correlation between intensity of PCDDIPCDF release and economic status was discussed and the influence of economic status on composition of five release vectors and ten source groups was studied. As PCDD/PCDF are mainly released from human activities to environmental matrices, release per person (RpP) and release per unit area (RpA) are defined to reflect release burden (Donor) and contamination burden (Receptor), respectively. Based on these two concepts, International PCDD/PCDF Reduction Burden is characterized by burden quotient (BQ) and a calculation model is established. The numbers of countries/regions with high, moderate and low International PCDD/PCDF Reduction Burden were 19,31 and 18, respectively. The information in this paper can be used for politicians to develop legislations to improve International PCDD/PCDF Reduction.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 91, nr 3, s. 328-335
Emneord [en]
PCDD/PCDF release; Economic status; Vector; Source group; Reduction burden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kemi; Miljövetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47614DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.11.054ISI: 000317167300013PubMedID: 23280065Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84875055495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-47614DiVA, id: diva2:900809
Merknad

Funding Agencies:

UNEP's Programme of Work 52-P5

Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China 50838002

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-02-05 Laget: 2016-01-19 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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