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Body fat measurement in adolescent girls with type 1 diabetes: a comparison of skinfold equations against dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1440-9961
(Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)
Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway; Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK.
School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, nr 10, s. 1211-1215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Skinfold measurement is an inexpensive and widely used technique for assessing the percentage of body fat (%BF). This study assessed the accuracy of prediction equations for %BF based on skinfold measurements compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in girls with type 1 diabetes and healthy age-matched controls.

Methods: We included 49 healthy girls and 44 girls with diabetes aged 12 to 19 years old, comparing the predicted %BF based on skinfold measurements and the %BF values obtained by a Lunar DPX-L scanner. The agreement between the methods was assessed by using an Bland-Altman plot.

Results: The skinfold measurements were significantly higher in girls with diabetes (p=0.003) despite a non-significant difference in total %BF (p=0.1). A significant association between bias and %BF was found for all tested equations in the Bland-Altman plots. Regression analysis showed that the association between skinfold measurements and %BF measured by DXA differed significantly (p=0.039) between the girls with diabetes and the healthy controls.

Conclusion: The accuracy of skinfold thickness equations for assessment of %BF in adolescent girls with diabetes is poor in comparison with DXA measurements as criteron. Our findings highlight the need for the development of new prediction equations for girls with type 1 diabetes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 105, nr 10, s. 1211-1215
Nyckelord [en]
Adolescents, body composition, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, skinfold measurements, type 1 diabetes
Nationell ämneskategori
Pediatrik
Forskningsämne
Pediatrik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48969DOI: 10.1111/apa.13366ISI: 000383619400030PubMedID: 26873351Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84963533900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-48969DiVA, id: diva2:909208
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies:

Research Committee of Örebro County Council

Swedish Child Diabetes Foundation (Barndiabetes fonden)

MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK MC_UU_12015/3

Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-04 Skapad: 2016-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Särnblad, StefanJan, Åman

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