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The capital constraint paradox in micro and small family and nonfamily firms
HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden; Örebro University School of Business, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, Orebro University School of Business, Örebro University, Sweden. HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5610-8526
Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden; CESIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, E-ISSN 2045-211X, Vol. 5, no 1, 38-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the importance of the entrepreneur’s quest for independence and control over the firm for governance and financing strategies with a special focus on family firms and how they differ from nonfamily firms.

Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on 1,000 telephone interviews with Swedish micro and small firms. The survey data are matched with firm-level data from the Bureau van Dijks database ORBIS.

Findings – The analysis shows that independence is a prime motive for enterprises, statistically significantly more so for family owners. Family owners are more prone to use either their own savings or loans from family and are more reluctant to resort to external equity capital. Our results indicate a potential “capital constraint paradox”; there might be an abundance of external capital while firm growth is simultaneously constrained by a lack of internal funds.

Research limitations/implications – The main limitation is that the study is based on cross-section data. Future studies could thus be based on longitudinal data.

Practical implications – The authors argue that policy makers must recognize independence and control aversion as strong norms that guide entrepreneurial action and that micro- and small-firm growth would profit more from lower personal and corporate income taxes compared to policy schemes intended to increase the supply of external capital.

Originality/value – The paper offers new insights regarding the value of independence and how it affects strategic decisions within the firm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016. Vol. 5, no 1, 38-62 p.
Keyword [en]
Tax policy, Family firms, Informal institutions, Ownership
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52998DOI: 10.1108/JEPP-10-2015-0033ISI: 000387745300003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84962135382OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-52998DiVA: diva2:1037733
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-10-17 Last updated: 2016-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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