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Initial motives and organizational context enabling female mentors' engagement in formal mentoring: a qualitative study from the mentors' perspective
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6633-1636
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0185-0851
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7456-2397
2016 (English)In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 71, p. 17-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mentoring aimed at supporting young people and their development shows promising results, but its delivery is threatened by the difficulty of recruiting sufficient numbers of mentors and keeping them engaged over time. The aim of this study was to help overcome this problem by examining female mentors’ motives for engaging in formal voluntary mentoring of young women, and exploring how organizations can facilitate these mentors’ satisfaction in staying engaged over time. Based on qualitative interviews with 12 mentors in a Swedish non-governmental organization, the Girls Zone, we show six categories of mentor motives related to initial motivation for engagement: self-interested reasons, empowering women, being a responsible citizen, sense of compassion, self-awareness, and longing for meaningfulness. In addition, we show five categories related to the organizational work of satisfying mentors: a win-win relationship, a feeling of ambivalence despite clear responsibilities and contributions, customized support and guidance, a caring organizational identity, and a commitment to pursue with feelings of duty and emotional connection. Using Self-Determination Theory as the framework to guide our understanding of the findings, we conclude that mentors’ motivations for engaging as mentors are linked to the fulfillment of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Practical recommendations are offered in light of the findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 71, p. 17-26
Keywords [en]
Motives, organizational context, self-determination theory, female mentors, community-based mentoring
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53053DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.10.026ISI: 000390642400004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84992409200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-53053DiVA, id: diva2:1038975
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Formal Female Mentoring Relationship as Health Promotion
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Formal Female Mentoring Relationship as Health Promotion
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The transition from adolescence to adulthood can bring with it mental health problems, resulting in reduced mental well-being among young women and an increasing public health issue. Perceived mental health problems can be a major obstacle to personal development and opportunities for becoming established in society. Thus, promotive interventions are needed.

The overall aim of this thesis was to explore women’s experience of mentoring relationships as health promotion from the perspectives of both parties in the dyad: the young woman transitioning from adolescence to adulthood (the protégé), and her ten-year-older female mentor.

This thesis used a practice-based approach to investigate a group of participants involved in a Swedish non-governmental organization, the Girls Zone. Data collection was conducted including interviews (n = 5) and surveys (n = 52) with female protégés, and interviews with female mentors (n = 12). Study I explored the characteristics of the female protégés and the development of the mentoring relationship, and used mixed methods. Study II, which investigated mentors’ initial motives and the organizational context which enabled the mentors’ engagement, used an explorative qualitative method.

This thesis showed that female mentoring relationships seem to have potential to be a health-promoting intervention. A variety of young women were attracted to the mentoring program, and mentorships in line with the perspectives of relational-cultural theory could meet the relationship needs expressed by the female protégés. Further, mentors’ motivations for engaging as mentors were linked to the fulfillment of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, in accordance with the perspective of self-determination theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2016
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 67
Keywords
Health Promotion, formal mentoring, intervention, young women, female mentors, motivation, organizational context, non-governmental organization, relational-cultural theory, seöf-determination theory
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55263 (URN)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2017-03-09 Created: 2017-02-02 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, MadelenePettersson, CamillaEriksson, CharliSkoog, Therése

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