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Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0590-8600
University of Florida.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3981-0353
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
2016 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality. Results from multivariate regression analyses showed that psychopathic traits alone (without co-occurring CP) did not consistently predict continuing childhood CP, but did so, among both boys and girls, in combination with concurrent conduct problems. It is important to note that, the combination of concurrent CP and the entire psychopathic personality, that is, a 3-dimensional psychopathic construct, was a stronger predictor of continuing childhood CP than the combination of concurrent CP and Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits among boys but not among girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53547DOI: 10.1037/ort0000205PubMedID: 27786502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-53547DiVA: diva2:1047454
Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-17 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood: The Role of Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathic Personality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood: The Role of Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathic Personality
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that children displaying conduct problems (CP) early in life are at greater risk for severe CP and other negative outcomes later in life. However, not all children with early-onset CP will develop severe CP over the life-course. Thus, it is important to identify those at greater risk, preferably as early as possible, in order to adequately prevent a negative development. Psychopathic traits have received much attention in research on risk for severe CP, involving attempts to extend these traits, and their association to CP to childhood. However, research has thus far mainly focused on one dimension of psychopathic traits, that is callousunemotional (CU) traits, to some extent neglecting two other dimensions of traits commonly included in a psychopathic personality: an interpersonal, and a behavioural dimension. Hence, we still do not know if a full psychopathic personality is identifiable in early childhood, and if and how it is related to the development of severe and persistent CP. The aim of this dissertation was to examine if a psychopathic personality could be identified in early childhood, if psychopathic traits are stable over time, and if and how the psychopathic personality is related to childhood CP. Overall, the results show that psychopathic traits, as well as the display of a psychopathic personality, could be identified in early childhood. These traits were stable over time, and they were clearly and strongly related to childhood CP. Additionally, the combination of early-onset CP and a full psychopathic personality seems to be the most precarious for severe and persistent CP, even more so than the combination of CP and CU traits. With careful consideration to ethical aspects, these results are discussed both in relation to a developmental psychopathology perspective on CP, as well as in relation to diagnostic practice as it is framed today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2016. 99 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 36
Keyword
conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits, developmental psychopathology, diagnostics, early childhood, psychopathic traits, psychopathic personality
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53167 (URN)978-91-7529-165-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-09, Örebro universitet, Teknikhuset, Hörsal T, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
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Available from: 2016-10-24 Created: 2016-10-24 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Frogner, LouiseAndershed, Anna-KarinAndershed, Henrik
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Citation style
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