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What is the Hidden Figure of Delinquency in Girls?: Scaling Up From Police Charges to Self-Reports
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. (CAPS)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7426-9801
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
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2017 (English)In: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991, Vol. 12, no 5, 761-776 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on males shows discrepancies between official records and self-reports of delinquency, thus creating a scaling-up factor. Comparable information for girls is still needed. We investigated discrepancies (scaling up factors) from official records to selfreports in a large sample of girls between ages 12 and 17 (N = 2,450). On average there were three self-reported juvenile female offenders for every individual charged by the police, and for every police charge there were four offenses that were committed. The scaling-up factor was highest in early adolescence, indicating that female offenders at a young age were more likely to stay undetected by the police. The scaling-up factor was significantly lower for African American than white girls: a higher proportion of African American delinquent girls were charged by the police. Racial differences in scaling up were significant only for prevalence, not for frequency of offending. Knowledge about scaling-up factors is important for the design and implementation of intervention programs. We discuss racial differences, implications for justice administration, and practical implications for intervention science. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2017. Vol. 12, no 5, 761-776 p.
Keyword [en]
delinquency; girls; race; scaling up; theft; violence
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53601DOI: 10.1080/15564886.2016.1185486ISI: 000402661100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-53601DiVA: diva2:1048670
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Funding Agency:

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice  2013-JF-FX-0058

Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Ahonen, Lia
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CiteExportLink to record
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