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Visual, Musculoskeletal, and Balance Complaints in AMD: A Follow-Up Study
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. The Low Vision Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden; .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6364-2145
Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6703-7575
2016 (English)In: Journal of Ophthalmology, ISSN 2090-004X, E-ISSN 2090-0058, 2707102Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate whether patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) run a potentially higher risk of developing visual, musculoskeletal, and balance complaints than age-matched controls with normal vision.

Methods: Visual assessments, self-rated visual function, self-rated visual, musculoskeletal, and balance complaints, and perceived general health were obtained in 37 AMD patients and 18 controls, at baseline and after an average of 3.8 years later.

Results: At follow-up both groups reported decreased visual acuity (VA) and visual function, but only AMD patients reported significantly increased visual, musculoskeletal, and balance complaints. Decreased VA, need for larger font size when reading, need for larger magnification, and decreased self-rated visual function were identified as risk markers for increased complaints in AMD patients. These complaints were also identified as risk markers for decreased health. For controls, decreased VA and self-reported visual function were associated with increased visual and balance complaints.

Conclusions: Visual deterioration was a risk marker for increased visual, musculoskeletal, balance, and health complaints in AMD patients. Specifically, magnifying visual aids, such as CCTV, were a risk marker for increased complaints in AMD patients. This calls for early and coordinated actions to treat and prevent visual, musculoskeletal, balance, and health complaints in AMD patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2016. 2707102
National Category
Ophthalmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53647DOI: 10.1155/2016/2707102ISI: 000386813600001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84994403329OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-53647DiVA: diva2:1050070
Note

Funding Agency:

Research Committee of Region Örebro County

Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-25 Last updated: 2016-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Zetterlund, ChristinaLundqvist, Lars-Olov
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School of Medical SciencesSchool of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
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