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Emotional stability, conscientiousness, and self-reported hypertension in adulthood
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics; Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; BI: Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
2016 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to investigate social and psychological factors in childhood and adulthood associated with self-reported hypertension in adulthood. Using data from the National Child Development Study, a nationally representative sample of 17,415 babies born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 11, 33, and 50 years of age. Self-reported diagnosed hypertension by 50 years was the outcome measure. In total, 5753 participants with complete data on parental social class at birth, childhood cognitive ability test scores at 11 years, educational qualifications at 33 years, personality traits, occupational levels, and self-reported hypertension (all measured at age 50 years) were included in the study. Using logistic regression analyses, results showed that sex (OR = 0.60: 0.49–0.73, p < .001), educational qualifications (OR = 0.59: 0.37–0.92, p < .05), and traits emotional stability (OR = 0.84: 0.77–0.91, p < .001) and conscientiousness (OR = 0.89: 0.82–0.98, p < .05) were all significantly associated with the occurrence of self-reported hypertension in adulthood. Both psychological factors and socio-demographic factors were significantly associated with self-reported hypertension in adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016.
Keyword [en]
Self-reported hypertension, Educational qualifications, Traits Emotional Stability and Conscientiousness, Cross-sectional and longitudinal
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychology
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54137DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54137DiVA: diva2:1058146
Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2016-12-20Bibliographically approved

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