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International renal-cell cancer study. IV. Occupation
School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.
National Cancer Institute, Division of Cancer Etiology, Bethesda, Maryland, United States.
German Cancer Research Center, Division of Epidemiology, Heidelberg, Germany.
Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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1995 (English)In: International Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0020-7136, E-ISSN 1097-0215, Vol. 61, no 5, 601-605 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The relationship between renal-cell cancer (RCC) and occupation was investigated in an international multicenter population-based case-control study. Study centers in Australia, Denmark, Germany, Sweden and the United States interviewed 1732 incident RCC cases and 2309 controls. Significant associations were found with employment in the blast-furnace or the coke-oven industry [relative risk (RR), 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.1-2.7], the iron and steel industry (RR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2-2.2) and exposure to asbestos (RR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.8), cadmium (RR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-3.9), dry-cleaning solvents (RR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1-1.7), gasoline (RR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2-2.0) and other petroleum products (RR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.3-2.1). Asbestos, petroleum products and dry-cleaning solvents appear to merit further investigation, in view of the relationship between risk and duration of employment or exposure and after adjustment for confounding. There was a negative association between RCC and education, but it was not consistent across all centers. Overall, the results of our multicenter case-control study suggest that occupation may be more important in the etiology of RCC than indicated by earlier studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. Vol. 61, no 5, 601-605 p.
Keyword [en]
Aged, Carcinoma, Renal Cell/*epidemiology, Case-Control Studies, Educational Status, Female, Humans, Kidney Neoplasms/*epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, *Occupations, Odds Ratio, Risk, Smoking
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-48992DOI: 10.1002/ijc.2910610503ISI: A1995RB28300002PubMedID: 7768630ScopusID: 2-s2.0-0028799593ISBN: 0020-7136 (Print) 0020-7136 (Linking)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-48992DiVA: diva2:1061274
Available from: 2017-01-01 Created: 2016-03-06 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved

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