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Basic Personal Values, the Country's Crime Rate and the Fear of Crime
Department of Human Sciences, LUMSA University of Rome, Piazza delle Vaschette, Rome, Italy.
Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.
Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (Youth & Society)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5214-9921
2016 (English)In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 129, no 3, 1057-1074 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main aim of this study was to investigate the relations between basic personal values, drawn on Schwartz's value theory, and the expression of the individual fear of crime by analysing the moderating role of contextual cues (i.e., crime rates). We performed a multinational, multilevel study using the 2008 European Social Survey dataset (N = 53,692, nested in 27 European countries). The fear of crime, which is a generalised insecurity about personal safety, showed a positive association with conservation (i.e., tradition, conformity and security) and a negative association with openness to change (i.e., hedonism, stimulation and self-direction) and self-transcendence values (i.e., benevolence and universalism). With the exception of self-transcendence, all the associations between basic values and the fear of crime were amplified by the country's crime rate: the higher the crime rate, the stronger the relation between values and the fear of crime. The implications and limitations of these results and possible further research directions are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 129, no 3, 1057-1074 p.
Keyword [en]
Basic personal values, Crime rate, Fear of crime, Multilevel analysis
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54228DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-1161-9ISI: 000387421700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54228DiVA: diva2:1061915
Available from: 2017-01-04 Created: 2017-01-03 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved

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Russo, Silvia
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School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
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