Dimensional reduction in Bose-Einstein condensed clouds of atoms confined in tight potentials of any geometry and any interaction strength
2017 (English)In: Physical Review E, ISSN 2470-0045Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Motivated by numerous experiments on Bose-Einstein condensed atoms which have been performed in tight trapping potentials of various geometries (elongated and/or toroidal/annular), we develop a general method which allows us to reduce the corresponding three-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the order parameter into an effectively one-dimensional equation, taking into account the interactions (i.e., treating the width of the transverse profile variationally) and the curvature of the trapping potential. As an application of our model we consider atoms which rotate in a toroidal trapping potential. We evaluate the state of lowest energy for a fixed value of the angular momentum within various approximations of the effectively one-dimensional model and compare our results with the full solution of the three-dimensional problem, thus getting evidence for the accuracy of our model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society , 2017.
Computational Mathematics Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject Mathematics; Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54302DiVA: diva2:1062594